Mark R. Parthun

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We have isolated the predominant cytoplasmic histone acetyltransferase activity from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This enzyme acetylates the lysine at residue 12 of free histone H4 but does not modify histone H4 when packaged in chromatin. The activity contains two proteins, Hat1p and Hat2p. Hat1p is the catalytic subunit of the histone acetyltransferase and(More)
The extent and pattern of histone post-translational modifications is a key determinant dictating the structure of chromatin. We employed mass spectrometry to map the post-translational modifications present on mammalian core histones. Using accurate peptide mass fingerprinting on proteolytic digests of purified histones, we identified more than 20 novel(More)
The yeast Hat1p/Hat2p type B histone acetyltransferase complex is localized to both the cytoplasm and nucleus. We isolate the nuclear form of the Hat1p/Hat2p complex and find that it copurifies with the product of the uncharacterized open reading frame YLL022C (named Hif1p). The functional significance of the association of Hif1p with the Hat1p/Hat2p(More)
Hat1p and Hat2p are the two subunits of a type B histone acetyltransferase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae that acetylates free histone H4 on lysine 12 in vitro. However, the role for these gene products in chromatin function has been unclear, as deletions of the HAT1 and/or HAT2 gene displayed no obvious phenotype. We have now identified a role for Hat1p and(More)
The acetylation of the NH2-terminal tail of histone H4 by type B histone acetyltransferases (HATs) is involved in the process of chromatin assembly. Histone H4 associated with a nuclear type B HAT complex contains modifications in its globular core domain as well. In particular, acetylation was found at lysine 91. A mutation that alters this residue, which(More)
The stoichiometries of kinetochores and their constituent proteins in yeast and vertebrate cells were determined using the histone H3 variant CENP-A, known as Cse4 in budding yeast, as a counting standard. One Cse4-containing nucleosome exists in the centromere (CEN) of each chromosome, so it has been assumed that each anaphase CEN/kinetochore cluster(More)
The modification of newly synthesized histones H3 and H4 by type B histone acetyltransferases has been proposed to play a role in the process of chromatin assembly. The type B histone acetyltransferase Hat1p and specific lysine residues in the histone H3 NH(2)-terminal tail (primarily lysine 14) are redundantly required for telomeric silencing. As many gene(More)
Hat1 is the sole known example of a type B histone acetyltransferase. While it has long been presumed that type B histone acetyltransferases participate in the acetylation of newly synthesized histones during the process of chromatin assembly, definitive evidence linking these enzymes to this process has been scarce. This review will discuss recent results(More)
Preclinical studies with the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor depsipeptide (FK228) in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have demonstrated that it effectively induces apoptosis at concentrations at which HDAC inhibition occurs. We initiated a minimum effective pharmacologic dose study of depsipeptide, targeting an in(More)
Telomeric position effect in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a chromatin-mediated phenomenon in which telomere proximal genes are repressed (silenced) in a heritable, but reversible, fashion. Once a transcriptional state (active or silenced) is established, however, there is a strong tendency for that state to be propagated. Twenty-five years ago, H. Weintraub(More)