Mark R. O’Brian

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The Fur protein is a global regulator of iron metabolism in many bacterial species. However, Fur homologs from some rhizobia appear not to mediate iron-dependent gene expression in vivo. Here, transcriptional profiling analysis showed that more than one-fourth of the genes within the iron stimulon of Bradyrhizobium japonicum were aberrantly controlled by(More)
Perception and response to nutritional iron by bacteria is essential for viability, and for the ability to adapt to the environment. The iron response regulator (Irr) is part of a novel regulatory scheme employed by Rhizobium and other Alpha-Proteobacteria to control iron-dependent gene expression. Bradyrhizobium japonicum senses iron through the status of(More)
The Bradyrhizobium japonicum transcriptional regulator Irr (iron response regulator) is a key regulator of the iron homeostasis, which is degraded in response to heme binding via a mechanism that involves oxidative modification of the protein. Here, we show that heme-bound Irr activates O2 to form highly reactive oxygen species (ROS) with the "active site(More)
An mbfA mutant of Bradyrhizobium japonicum defective in iron export is sensitive to short term exposure to high levels iron or H2O2. Here, we found that the mbfA strain grown in elevated iron media (100 μM) became resistant to those treatments, suggesting a stress response adaptation. The bfr gene encodes the iron storage protein bacterioferritin, and its(More)
Ensifer meliloti is a nitrogen-fixing symbiont of the alfalfa legume able to use heme as an iron source. The transport mechanism involved in heme acquisition in E. meliloti has been identified and characterized, but the fate of heme once inside the cell is not known. In silico analysis of E. meliloti 1021 genome revealed no canonical heme oxygenases(More)
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