Mark R Lefever

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Over the past two decades, potent and selective analgesics have been developed from endogenous opioid peptides. Glycosylation provides an important means of modulating interaction with biological membranes, which greatly affects the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of the resulting glycopeptide analogues. Furthermore, manipulation of the membrane(More)
A simplified method for the preparation of Fmoc-serine and Fmoc-threonine glycosides for use in O-linked glycopeptide synthesis is described. Lewis acids promote glycoside formation, but also promote undesired reactions of the glycoside products. Use of 'minimally competent' Lewis acids such as InBr(3) promotes the desired activation catalytically, and with(More)
Design and synthesis of a series of 4-morpholino-6-aryl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines as potent and selective inhibitors of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) are described. Optimization of the 6-aryl substituent led to the discovery of inhibitors carrying 6-ureidophenyl groups, the first reported active site inhibitors of mTOR with subnanomolar(More)
Glycopeptides related to β-endorphin penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of mice to produce antinociception. Two series of glycopeptides were assessed for opioid receptor binding affinity. Attempts to alter the mu-selectivity of [D-Ala(2),N-MePhe(4),Gly-ol(5)]enkephalin (DAMGO)-related glycopeptides by altering the charged residues of the amphipathic(More)
Multiplexed analysis of multiple biomarkers in a tissue sample requires use of reporter dyes with specific spectral properties that enable discrimination of signals. Conventional chromogens with broad absorbance spectra, widely used in immunohistochemistry (IHC), offer limited utility for multiplexed detection. Many dyes with narrow absorbance spectra, eg(More)
The ability to simultaneously visualize the presence, abundance, location and functional state of many targets in cells and tissues has been described as a true next-generation approach in immunohistochemistry (IHC). A typical requirement for multiplex IHC (mIHC) is the use of different animal species for each primary (1°Ab) and secondary (2°Ab) antibody(More)
A novel method of linking haptens to deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate via microwave-mediated bisulfate-catalyzed transamination with hydrazine has been developed. This method enables the tethering of small molecule haptens to dCTP via a discrete polyethylene glycol (PEG) spacer, yielding N(4)-aminodeoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate-dPEG-haptens. This synthetic(More)
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