Mark R. Holland

Learn More
BACKGROUND Myocardial strain is a sensitive measure of ventricular systolic function. Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2DSE) is an angle-independent method for strain measurement but has not been validated in pediatric subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of 2DSE-measured strain against reference(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association among nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), metabolic function, and cardiac function in obese adolescents. STUDY DESIGN Intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content (magnetic resonance spectroscopy), insulin sensitivity and β-cell function (5-hour oral glucose tolerance test with mathematical modeling), and left(More)
Echocardiography requires imaging of the heart with sound propagating at varying angles relative to the predominant direction of the myofibers. The degree of anisotropy of attenuation can significantly influence ultrasonic imaging and tissue characterization measurements in vivo. This study quantifies the anisotropy of attenuation of freshly excised(More)
BACKGROUND Right ventricular (RV) systolic function is an important prognostic determinant of cardiopulmonary pathologies in premature infants. Measurements of dominant RV longitudinal deformation are likely to provide a sensitive measure of RV function. An approach for image acquisition and postacquisition processing is needed for reliable and reproducible(More)
The objective of this study was to quantify the transmural variation in attenuation for the septal and lateral walls of the heart. Our approach was to utilize a commercially available ultrasonic imaging system to acquire images of excised sections of eight sheep hearts with an orientation similar to that encountered in the apical four-chamber view. The(More)
The goal of this work was to show that the apparent negative dispersion of ultrasonic waves propagating in bone can arise from interference between fast and slow longitudinal modes, each exhibiting positive dispersion. Simulations were carried out using two approaches: one based on the Biot-Johnson model and one independent of that model. Results of the(More)
Widespread implementation of quantitative muscle ultrasonography in assessing skeletal muscle pathology is limited by an inability to replicate results between different ultrasound systems. We have developed a measurement of skeletal muscle pathology, calibrated muscle backscatter (cMB), which should be reproducible between different ultrasound systems. We(More)
Previous work has shown that ultrasonic waves propagating through cancellous bone often exhibit a linear-with-frequency attenuation coefficient, but a decrease in phase velocity with frequency (negative dispersion) that is inconsistent with the causality-imposed Kramers-Kronig relations. In the current study, interfering wave modes similar to those observed(More)
In this study the attenuation coefficient and dispersion (frequency dependence of phase velocity) are measured using a phase sensitive (piezoelectric) receiver in a phantom in which two temporally overlapping signals are detected, analogous to the fast and slow waves typically found in measurements of cancellous bone. The phantom consisted of a flat and(More)
The objective of this investigation was to measure the nonlinear parameter B/A using an enhanced finite amplitude distortion technique, based on nonlinear propagation effects analogous to those associated with tissue harmonic imaging. These measurements validate an improved method for measuring the nonlinear parameter B/A, the small-signal speed of sound,(More)