Mark R Greenwood

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Taste responses of normal-weight, obese, and formerly obese individuals for sucrose and fat containing stimuli were examined using a mathematical modelling technique known as the Response Surface Method. The subjects accurately rated intensities of sweetness, fatness, and creaminess of 20 different mixtures of milk, cream, and sugar, and no mixture(More)
Blood flow to five adipose tissue depots and five other organs was measured in unanesthetized free-moving obese and lean male Zucker rats using the radiolabeled microsphere technique. Cardiac output and blood pressure were also measured. Obese rats were significantly heavier and had larger fat depots characterized by more and larger adipocytes. Cardiac(More)
The concentration of immunoreactive insulin (IRI) extracted from the olfactory bulb, hypothalamus, hippocampus, cerebral cortex, amygdala, midbrain, and hindbrain was significantly lower in obese (fa/fa) and heterozygous (Fa/fa) Zucker rats in comparison to lean (Fa/Fa) Zucker rats. This deficit in brain IRI content was most severe in the hypothalamus and(More)
It has been shown by several investigators that adipocyte number is stable in mature human beings and several species of rodents. Although the number of new cells appearing in the adipose depot can be measured histometrically and by Coulter counting of osmium-fixed cells, such methods do not distinguish between "lipid filling" of preexistent adipocytes and(More)
Sixteen normal-weight subjects rated the perceived intensity of sweetness, fatness, and creaminess of 20 different mixtures of milk, cream, and sugar, and assigned an overall pleasantness (hedonic) rating to each sample. Intensity estimates increased as power functions of ingredient concentration and no significant mixture suppression effect was observed.(More)
Body mass, fat stores, activities of lipogenic and lipolytic enzymes, and plasma corticosterone were measured throughout seasonal and diel transitions from fall through spring encompassing the non-migratory stages of early and mid winter, the prealternate molt, and the spring migratory stage in captive dark-eyed juncos to determine the physiological(More)
OBJECTIVE Serum-free cultures of preadipocytes derived from lean and obese Zucker rats were established to compare their adipoconversion in strictly controlled culture conditions. DESIGN Preadipocytes were isolated from the epididymal adipose tissue of 4- and/or 8-week-old homozygous lean (Fa/Fa) and obese (fa/fa) Zucker rats and cultured in serum-free(More)
In both humans and rodents the occurrence and severity of obesity-associated non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) may be influenced by both gonadal hormones and genetic background. Early gonadectomy (at 3-5 days of age) of female and male Wistar diabetic fatty (WDF) rats and of male Zucker rats allowed us to examine these effects in genetically(More)
Twenty-five subjects evaluated the sweetness, creaminess and fat content of liquid and solid dairy products containing between 0.1 and 52 g fat/100 g and sweetened with 0-20% sucrose weight/weight. Liquid stimuli included skim milk, whole milk, half and half, and heavy cream, while the solids included cottage cheese and cream cheese, blended and spread(More)
Insulin binding was measured in membrane particles prepared from the liver and several brain regions of 4-month-old female Zucker fa/fa (obese), Fa/fa (heterozygous), and Fa/Fa (lean) rats. High affinity insulin binding was decreased in the olfactory bulb of fatty (0.23 pmol bound/mg protein) and heterozygous (0.16 pmol/mg) rats compared with that in the(More)