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We have investigated the subcellular organization of the four human Y RNAs. These RNAs, which are transcribed by RNA polymerase III, are usually found complexed with the Ro autoantigen, a 60-kD protein. We designed 2'-OMe oligoribonucleotides that were complementary to accessible single-stranded regions of Y RNAs within Ro RNPs and used them in fluorescence(More)
Coiled bodies (CBs) are nuclear organelles whose structures appear to be highly conserved in evolution. In rapidly cycling cells, they are typically located in the nucleoplasm but are often found in contact with the nucleolus. The CBs in human cells contain a unique protein, called p80-coilin. Studies on amphibian oocyte nuclei have revealed a protein(More)
Coiled bodies (CBs) are nuclear organelles whose morphological structure and molecular composition have been conserved from plants to animals. Furthermore, CBs are often found to co-localize with specific DNA loci in both mammalian somatic nuclei and amphibian oocytes. Much as rDNA sequences are called nucleolus organizers, we term these coiled(More)
We have reported previously that protein kinase C (PKC) signaling can mediate a program of cell cycle withdrawal in IEC-18 nontransformed intestinal crypt cells, involving rapid disappearance of cyclin D1, increased expression of Cip/Kip cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, and activation of the growth suppressor function of pocket proteins. In the current(More)
The human parvovirus adeno-associated virus (AAV) is unique in its ability to target viral integration to a specific site on chromosome 19 (ch-19). Recombinant AAV (rAAV) vectors retain the ability to integrate but have apparently lost this ability to target. In this report, we characterize the terminal-repeat-mediated integration for wild-type (wt), rAAV,(More)
BACKGROUND Coiled bodies are nuclear organelles that are highly enriched in small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs) and certain basal transcription factors. Surprisingly, coiled bodies not only contain mature U snRNPs but also associate with specific chromosomal loci, including gene clusters that encode U snRNAs and histone messenger RNAs. The(More)
The gut barrier, composed of a single layer of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) held together by tight junctions, prevents the entrance of harmful microorganisms, antigens and toxins from the gut lumen into the blood. Small intestinal homeostasis is normally maintained by the rate of shedding of senescent enterocytes from the villus tip exactly matching(More)
Regulated intestinal epithelial cell migration plays a key role in wound healing and maintenance of a healthy gastrointestinal tract. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates cell migration and wound closure in intestinal epithelial cells through incompletely understood mechanisms. In this study we investigated the role of the small GTPase Rac in(More)
Cajal bodies (CBs) are nuclear structures involved in RNA metabolism that accumulate high concentrations of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs). Notably, CBs preferentially associate with specific genomic loci in interphase human cells, including several snRNA and histone gene clusters. To uncover functional elements involved in the interaction of(More)
The molecular mechanisms underlying protein kinase C (PKC) isozyme-mediated control of cell growth and cell cycle progression are poorly understood. Our previous analysis of PKC isozyme regulation in the intestinal epithelium in situ revealed that multiple members of the PKC family undergo changes in expression and subcellular distribution precisely as the(More)