Mark R. D. Johnson

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Several small studies have suggested beneficial effects of long-term beta-blocker treatment in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Our large multicentre study aimed to find out whether metoprolol improves overall survival and morbidity in this disorder. 383 subjects with heart failure from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction < 0.40) were(More)
Several recent studies have reported a correlation between intratumor dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). However, significant tissue requirements and labor-intensive methodology have limited the large-scale studies necessary for statistical validation. In addition, the semiquantitative(More)
OBJECTIVE Xenon provides neuroprotection in multiple animal models; however, little is known about the other noble gases. The aim of the current study was to compare xenon, argon, and helium neuroprotection in a neonatal asphyxia model in rats. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. SETTING Laboratory. SUBJECTS Seven-day-old postnatal Sprague-Dawley(More)
OBJECTIVE A number of discordant couples, in whom the man is HIV positive and the woman is HIV negative, wish to have children. To conceive they must abandon protected sex, posing a risk of HIV transmission to the woman and so to the child. In such circumstances purification of spermatozoa ('sperm-washing') to inseminate the woman artificially has been(More)
Oxytocin receptor (OTR) expression is increased before the onset of labor in all models of parturition. However, the mechanisms responsible for the increase in OTR expression are uncertain. Animal data suggest that uterine stretch increases OTR mRNA expression. In primary cultures of human uterine smooth muscle cells obtained from nonpregnant (NP) women and(More)
In a retrospective study, the relationship between endometrial thickness and pregnancy rate has been studied in 59 ovum recipient women. Transvaginal ultrasound assessment of endometrial thickness was performed immediately prior to ovum transfer: 19 pregnant recipients had a mean endometrial thickness of 10.24 mm +/- 2.63 SD, 40 nonpregnant recipients had(More)
Infection and uterine stretch are the common causes of preterm labor. IL-1beta plays a key role in infection-induced preterm labor and increases prostaglandin H synthase 2 (PGHS-2) and IL-8 expression. We have shown that mechanical stretch of uterine myocytes in vitro up-regulates the expression of PGHS-2 and IL-8. In this study, we tested the hypotheses(More)
In humans, 80-90% of an administered dose of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is degraded by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD; EC 1.3.1.2), the initial rate-limiting enzyme in pyrimidine catabolism. Cancer patients with decreased DPD activity are at increased risk for severe toxicity including diarrhea, stomatitis, mucositis, myelosuppression, neurotoxicity, and,(More)
To standardize DPYD allele nomenclature and to conform with international human gene nomenclature guidelines, an alternative to the current arbitrary system is described. Based on recommendations for human genome nomenclature, we propose that each distinct allele be designed by DPYD followed by an asterisk and an Arabic numeral. The number specifies the key(More)