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BACKGROUND Passive smoking has been linked to an increased risk of dying from atherosclerotic heart disease. Since endothelial dysfunction is an early feature of atherogenesis and occurs in young adults who actively smoke cigarettes, we hypothesized that passive smoking might also be associated with endothelial damage in healthy young-adult nonsmokers. (More)
BACKGROUND Intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery (CCA), measured with external vascular ultrasound, has been widely used in clinical trials as a surrogate marker for coronary atherosclerosis. Despite this, the degree of correlation between carotid IMT and the extent and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) is not known. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess the effect of cigarette smoking on adhesion of human monocytes to human endothelial cells and to measure the effect of L-arginine and vitamin C supplementation on this interaction. BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking has been associated with abnormal endothelial function and increased leukocyte adhesion to endothelium, both(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to examine whether endothelial function is impaired in the large vessels of asymptomatic young adults with insulin-dependent diabetes and whether endothelial dysfunction is related to duration or control of diabetes, small-vessel disease or other vascular risk factors. BACKGROUND Endothelial dysfunction is an early event in(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to assess the effect of oral L-arginine on endothelial or platelet physiology in humans. BACKGROUND L-Arginine is the substrate for nitric oxide synthesis, and in cholesterol-fed rabbits, oral L-arginine improves endothelium-dependent dilation, inhibits platelet aggregation and reduces atheroma. In hypercholesterolemic humans,(More)
Male gender is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease, and androgen administration has been associated with increased atherosclerosis in experimental animals. Since endothelial dysfunction is an important event in the atherogenic process, we hypothesized that androgen deprivation in adult men might be associated with enhanced arterial(More)
L-Arginine is the physiological substrate for nitric oxide synthesis by the vascular endothelium. In hypercholesterolaemic rabbits, oral L-arginine reduces atheroma, improves endothelium-dependent dilatation and reduces monocyte/endothelial cell adhesion. The effect of oral L-arginine on endothelial physiology is unknown, however, in humans with established(More)
In hypercholesterolemic rabbits, oral L-arginine (the substrate for endothelium derived nitric oxide) attenuates endothelial dysfunction and atheroma formation, but the effect in hypercholesterolemic humans is unknown. Using high resolution external ultrasound, we studied arterial physiology in 27 hypercholesterolemic subjects aged 29+/-5 (19-40) years,(More)
Many knee injuries that previously caused disability can now be diagnosed accurately and treated successfully. Arthroscopy has been instrumental in this progress. The anterior cruciate ligament, which is an important stabilizer of the knee, is commonly injured. Disruption of the restraint provided by the ligament results in an unstable knee that can give(More)
OBJECTIVE Oestrogen replacement therapy is associated with a marked reduction in coronary event rates in post-menopausal women. As older age is associated with progressive arterial endothelial damage, a key event in atherosclerosis, we assessed whether hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with oestrogen alone, or oestrogen and progesterone combined, is(More)