Mark Quinlivan

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BACKGROUND Herpes zoster is caused by the reactivation of varicella-zoster virus from sensory neurons. The commonest complication following zoster is chronic pain termed post herpetic neuralgia. OBJECTIVES To investigate the dynamics of VZV viraemia and viral load following the resolution of zoster and its relationship to PHN development. STUDY DESIGN(More)
VZV is a highly cell-associated member of the Herpesviridae family and one of the eight herpesviruses to infect humans. The virus is ubiquitous in most populations worldwide, primary infection with which causes varicella, more commonly known as chickenpox. Characteristic of members of the alphaherpesvirus sub-family, VZV is neurotropic and establishes(More)
Of 75 varicella-zoster virus (VZV) isolates obtained from patients in Africa, Asia, and the Far East, 74 (98.6%) were found to be positive for a BglI restriction site in gene 54. By contrast, <22% of strains from patients in the United Kingdom and in North and South America were positive for the BglI restriction site. Viruses positive for BglI were(More)
Varicella-zoster virus vaccine has diminished the consequences of chicken pox in terms of health and economical burden. The increasing number of doses administered worldwide has revealed rare but important adverse effects that had not occurred during clinical trials. We report here the case of an immunocompetent 3(1/2)-year-old girl who developed(More)
BACKGROUND VARIVAX (Oka/Merck) is a live varicella vaccine, licensed in Europe since 2003. In addition to routine safety surveillance, the Varicella Zoster Virus Identification Program (VZVIP) analyzes clinical samples to establish whether adverse events (AEs) are associated with wild-type (wt) or vaccine varicella zoster virus (vVZV) strain. The European(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in five genes have been used to identify four major subtypes of wild-type varicella-zoster virus (VZV) A, B, C, and J. Additional SNPs, located in the IE62 major transactivating gene can be used to differentiate the Oka vaccine strain (vOka) from wild-type VZV. Primer-probe sets for the detection of the five(More)
Varicella-zoster viruses recovered from 2 episodes of herpes zoster in an immunocompetent man were found to be different genotypes. The fact that the 2 isolates came from the same individual was confirmed by DNA fingerprinting. Immunity following chickenpox may not always protect against systemic reinfection. This finding raises questions about(More)
A prospective observational study was conducted to examine whether asymptomatic VZV reactivation occurs in immunocompetent children hospitalized in an ICU and its impact on clinical outcome. A secondary aim was to test the hypothesis that vaccinated children have a lower risk of reactivation than naturally infected children. Forty immunocompetent paediatric(More)
Vaccination against chickenpox causes a varicella-like rash in up to 5% of healthy children and 50% of children with leukemia. The vaccine may establish latency and reactivate to cause herpes zoster, albeit more rarely than wild-type virus. All vaccine preparations are composed of a mixture of varicella-zoster virus strains that show genotypic variation at(More)
The Oka vaccine strain is a live attenuated virus that is routinely administered to children in the United States and Europe to prevent chickenpox. It is effective and safe but occasionally produces a rash. The vaccine virus has accumulated mutations during its attenuation, but the rashes are not explained by their reversion, unlike complications reported(More)