Mark Pozsgay

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We report a simple three-step method of generating a homogeneous toxic fragment (toxin) in high yield from B. thuringiensis var. kurstaki. Purified crystals were digested with trypsin at pH 10.5, followed by (NH4)2SO4 precipitation and dialysis. For the HD73 strain the preparation is toxic to eastern-spruce-budworm (Choristoneura fuminiferana) larvae. It(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis produces a 130-140 kDa insecticidal protein in the form of a bipyramidal crystal. The protein in the crystals from the subspecies kurstaki HD-1 and entomocidus was found to contain 16-18 cysteine residues per molecule, present primarily in the disulphide form as cystine. Evidence that all the cysteine residues form symmetrical(More)
Trypsin is shown to generate an insecticidal toxin from the 130-kDa protoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki HD-73 by an unusual proteolytic process. Seven specific cleavages are shown to occur in an ordered sequence starting at the C-terminus of the protoxin and proceeding toward the N-terminal region. At each step, C-terminal fragments of(More)
The kinetic behaviour of human thrombin has been studied with 26 tripeptidyl-p-nitroanilide substrates protected at the N terminus and with 9 unprotected ones. By the regression analysis of experimentally determined 1/Km, kcat and kcat/Km values the individual contribution of each side chain of the various substrates to the kinetic parameters was(More)
The inhibitory constants of a series of synthetic N-carboxymethyl peptide inhibitors and the kinetic parameters (Km, kcat, and kcat/Km) of a series of model synthetic substrates were determined for the membrane-bound kidney metalloendopeptidase isolated from rabbit kidney and compared with those of bacterial thermolysin. The two enzymes show striking(More)
A procedure for the selective isolation of the C-terminal peptides from enzymatic digests of proteins is described. The methodology is based on the diagonal electrophoretic procedure described by R. G. Duggleby and H. Kaplan (1975) Anal. Biochem. 65, 346-354). The carboxyl groups in the protein are amidated with [14C]-methylamine followed by enzymatic(More)
The hydrolysis of 35 tripeptidyl-p-nitroanilides was studied with human plasmin and the kinetic parameters were determined. The individual contribution of the various side chains to the kinetic parameters was calculated by regression analysis. Considering Km, substrates having Z-D-Ile-Phe-Lys as well as H-D-Ile-Phe-Lys sequences were found to be the best,(More)
The kinetic parameters of the tryptic hydrolysis of tripeptidyl-p-nitroanilide substrates were determined and the data were studied by regression analysis. The sequence of substrates optimal from the viewpoint of kinetic constants 1/Km, kcat and kcat/Km was established and the influence of amino acid side chains on the binding and reactivity of substrates(More)
The secondary structure of the toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (Btk) HD-73 was estimated by Raman, infrared, and circular dichroism spectroscopy, and by predictive methods. Circular dichroism and infrared spectroscopy gave an estimate of 33-40% alpha-helix, whereas Raman and predictive methods gave approximately 20%. Raman and circular(More)
1. The interaction of heparin with human plasmin was investigated measuring plasmin activity and enzyme inactivation in the presence of heparin. Hydrolysis of synthetic substrates (H-D-Val-Leu-Lys-pNA, H-D-Val-Phe-Lys-pNA and H-D-Pro-Phe-Lys-pNA) by plasmin was enhanced by heparin through an increase in kcat values. 2. This effect was the consequence of a(More)