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Type beta transforming growth factor-growth inhibitor (TGF beta/GI) causes normal human prokeratinocytes to arrest growth predominantly in the G1 phase of the cell cycle within 48 h after log phase cultures are exposed to the factor in serum-free medium. The growth arrest induced by TGF beta/GI is reversible because the cells from treated cultures can be(More)
A novel human keratinocyte-derived autocrine factor (KAF) was purified from conditioned medium by using heparin affinity chromatography as the first step. Purified KAF stimulated the growth of normal human keratinocytes, mouse AKR-2B cells, and a mouse keratinocyte cell line (BALB/MK). Heparin sulfate inhibited KAF mitogenic activity on all cell types(More)
Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is characterized by the presence of at least one sebaceous tumor and at least one visceral malignancy. Although a wide range of internal malignancies have been reported, the most frequently observed internal neoplasm is colorectal carcinoma. MTS and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) share many clinical and(More)
The mechanism(s) involved in regulation of store operated calcium entry in Darier's disease (DD) is not known. We investigated the distribution and function of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) in epidermal skin cells. DD patients demonstrated up-regulation of TRPC1, but not TRPC3, in the squamous layers. Ca2+ influx was significantly higher in(More)
The ISCL/EORTC recommends revisions to the Mycosis Fungoides Cooperative Group classification and staging system for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). These revisions are made to incorporate advances related to tumor cell biology and diagnostic techniques as pertains to mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SS) since the 1979 publication of the(More)
Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) is a polypeptide which is structurally related to epidermal growth factor (EGF) and binds to the EGF receptor. TGF-alpha synthesis occurs in a variety of neoplastic cells and during early fetal development but has not been reported in normal cells of the adult organisms. TGF-alpha has therefore been regarded as(More)
Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) is produced by and required for the growth of epithelial cells and is angiogenic in vivo. Since epidermal hyperplasia and angiogenesis are hallmarks of psoriasis, TGF-alpha gene expression was analyzed in epidermal biopsies of normal and psoriatic skin. TGF-alpha messenger RNA and protein are much more abundant(More)
TGF-beta 1 is demonstrated to inhibit skin keratinocyte proliferation when added during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Human foreskin keratinocytes transformed with either HPV-16 or -18 or SV40, however, were resistant to the growth inhibitory effects of TGF-beta 1. Since TGF-beta 1 appears to inhibit keratinocyte growth through down-regulation of c-myc,(More)
This laboratory has previously identified a novel TGF-beta inducible early gene (TIEG) in human osteoblasts [Subramaniam et al. (1995): Nucleic Acids Res 23:4907-4912]. Using TIEG specific polyclonal antibody and immunoprecipitation methods in normal human fetal osteoblast cells (hFOB cells), we have now demonstrated that TIEG encodes a 72-kDa protein whose(More)
Human keratinocytes can be cultured in vitro and used for autografting of the injured epidermis. In this article, we describe our culture methods for propagating autologous keratinocytes for grafting, and we present an overview of the questions raised by the use of such methods. Our culture method involves a two-phase technique. Phase 1 is performed in(More)