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Type beta transforming growth factor-growth inhibitor (TGF beta/GI) causes normal human prokeratinocytes to arrest growth predominantly in the G1 phase of the cell cycle within 48 h after log phase cultures are exposed to the factor in serum-free medium. The growth arrest induced by TGF beta/GI is reversible because the cells from treated cultures can be(More)
Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) is a polypeptide which is structurally related to epidermal growth factor (EGF) and binds to the EGF receptor. TGF-alpha synthesis occurs in a variety of neoplastic cells and during early fetal development but has not been reported in normal cells of the adult organisms. TGF-alpha has therefore been regarded as(More)
The effects of growth factors, hormones, and calcium on the growth and differentiation of secondary cultures of normal human prokeratinocytes, i.e., proliferative keratinocytes, derived from adult or neonatal skin were determined by culture in serum-free basal medium, MCDB 153. Clonal growth was achieved when MCDB 153 was supplemented with either epidermal(More)
A novel human keratinocyte-derived autocrine factor (KAF) was purified from conditioned medium by using heparin affinity chromatography as the first step. Purified KAF stimulated the growth of normal human keratinocytes, mouse AKR-2B cells, and a mouse keratinocyte cell line (BALB/MK). Heparin sulfate inhibited KAF mitogenic activity on all cell types(More)
TGF-beta 1 is demonstrated to inhibit skin keratinocyte proliferation when added during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Human foreskin keratinocytes transformed with either HPV-16 or -18 or SV40, however, were resistant to the growth inhibitory effects of TGF-beta 1. Since TGF-beta 1 appears to inhibit keratinocyte growth through down-regulation of c-myc,(More)
Human keratinocytes can be cultured in vitro and used for autografting of the injured epidermis. In this article, we describe our culture methods for propagating autologous keratinocytes for grafting, and we present an overview of the questions raised by the use of such methods. Our culture method involves a two-phase technique. Phase 1 is performed in(More)
The ISCL/EORTC recommends revisions to the Mycosis Fungoides Cooperative Group classification and staging system for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). These revisions are made to incorporate advances related to tumor cell biology and diagnostic techniques as pertains to mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SS) since the 1979 publication of the(More)
Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) is produced by and required for the growth of epithelial cells and is angiogenic in vivo. Since epidermal hyperplasia and angiogenesis are hallmarks of psoriasis, TGF-alpha gene expression was analyzed in epidermal biopsies of normal and psoriatic skin. TGF-alpha messenger RNA and protein are much more abundant(More)
Malignant melanoma presents a substantial clinical challenge. Current diagnostic methods are limited in their ability to diagnose early disease and accurately predict individual risk of disease progression and outcome. The lack of adequate approaches to properly define disease subgroups precludes rational treatment design and selection. Better tools are(More)
BACKGROUND Some reports describe an increased risk for cancer in patients with the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. OBJECTIVE To characterize occurrences of cancer in a large cohort of patients with the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Tertiary care center. PATIENTS 34 patients with the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome identified from(More)