Mark Pittelkow

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The ISCL/EORTC recommends revisions to the Mycosis Fungoides Cooperative Group classification and staging system for cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). These revisions are made to incorporate advances related to tumor cell biology and diagnostic techniques as pertains to mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SS) since the 1979 publication of the(More)
Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) is a polypeptide which is structurally related to epidermal growth factor (EGF) and binds to the EGF receptor. TGF-alpha synthesis occurs in a variety of neoplastic cells and during early fetal development but has not been reported in normal cells of the adult organisms. TGF-alpha has therefore been regarded as(More)
BACKGROUND Calciphylaxis is characterized by ischemic cutaneous ulceration, high mortality, and ineffective treatment. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of 64 patients with calciphylaxis (including 49 dialysis patients age- and sex-matched to 98 dialysis controls). RESULTS The estimated 1-year survival rate of calciphylaxis was 45.8%. Risk(More)
Trichothiodystrophy (TTD) refers to a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive disorders that share the distinctive features of short, brittle hair and an abnormally low sulfur content. Within the spectrum of the TTD syndromes are numerous interrelated neuroectodermal disorders. The TTD syndromes show defective synthesis of high-sulfur matrix proteins.(More)
A novel human keratinocyte-derived autocrine factor (KAF) was purified from conditioned medium by using heparin affinity chromatography as the first step. Purified KAF stimulated the growth of normal human keratinocytes, mouse AKR-2B cells, and a mouse keratinocyte cell line (BALB/MK). Heparin sulfate inhibited KAF mitogenic activity on all cell types(More)
TGF-beta 1 is demonstrated to inhibit skin keratinocyte proliferation when added during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Human foreskin keratinocytes transformed with either HPV-16 or -18 or SV40, however, were resistant to the growth inhibitory effects of TGF-beta 1. Since TGF-beta 1 appears to inhibit keratinocyte growth through down-regulation of c-myc,(More)
We have previously shown that hydrogen peroxide is an important mediator of ultraviolet B induced phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor in human keratinocytes. Here we demonstrate that physiologic doses of ultraviolet B and hydrogen peroxide stimulate activation of two related but distinct mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways:(More)
Although originally conceived as a basis for malignant cell growth, autocrine signaling networks are currently known to be activated during tissue repair and with in vitro cultivation. In human epidermal keratinocytes, activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor by cognate ligands mediates the majority of the autonomous replicative capacity of these(More)
Malignant melanoma is an aggressive, therapy-resistant malignancy of melanocytes. The incidence of melanoma has been steadily increasing worldwide, resulting in an increasing public health problem. Exposure to solar UV radiation, fair skin, dysplastic nevi syndrome, and a family history of melanoma are major risk factors for melanoma development. The(More)
Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) is produced by and required for the growth of epithelial cells and is angiogenic in vivo. Since epidermal hyperplasia and angiogenesis are hallmarks of psoriasis, TGF-alpha gene expression was analyzed in epidermal biopsies of normal and psoriatic skin. TGF-alpha messenger RNA and protein are much more abundant(More)