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Prior research has assumed that underwriters post a stabilizing bid in the after-market. We find instead that aftermarket activities are less transparent and include stimulating demand through short covering and restricting supply by penalizing the f lipping of shares. In more than half of IPOs, a short position of an average 10.75 percent of shares offered(More)
This paper describes a rule-based legal de-cisonmaking system (LDS) that embodies the skills and knowledge of an expert in product liability law. The system is being used to study the effect of changes in legal doctrine on settlement strategies and practices. LDS is implemented in ROSIE, a rule-oriented language designed to facilitate the development of(More)
W hy is the comic strip Dilbert © so popular? It makes fun of • Managers committing to unrealistic costs and schedules. • Projects being over cost and schedule. • Poorly managed projects. • Poorly defined requirements and requirements changing just before delivery. • Poor quality. Perhaps Dilbert's popularity lies in its proximity to the truth. Employees(More)
Though genomic-level data are becoming widely available, many of the metazoan species sequenced are laboratory systems whose natural history is not well documented. In contrast, the wide array of species with very well-characterized natural history have, until recently, lacked genomics tools. It is now possible to address significant evolutionary genomics(More)
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A growing number of studies on entrepreneurial motivation, intentions, and behavior include entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) as an explanatory variable. While there is broad consensus among researchers on the importance of including ESE in an intentionality model, there remain inconsistencies in the definition, dimensionality, and measurement of ESE.(More)
Recent studies exploring the molecular genetic basis for migratory variation in animals have identified polymorphisms in two genes ( CLOCK and ADCYAP1) that are linked to circadian rhythms and correlate with migratory propensity and phenology among individuals and populations. Results from these initial studies are mixed, however, and additional data are(More)
One of the best studied hormone-behavior interactions is the transient rise in testosterone (T) associated with male-male aggression. However, recent research on songbirds has demonstrated numerous exceptions to this pattern.One species previously thought to elevate T in response to a simulated territorial intrusion is the dark-eyed junco (Junco hyemalis).(More)