Mark P . Yeager

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Peripheral nerve injury commonly leads to neuropathic pain states fostered, in part, by neuroimmunologic events. We used two models of neuropathic pain (L5 spinal nerve cryoneurolysis (SPCN) and chronic constriction injury (CCI)) to assess the role of spinal glial activation responses in producing pain behaviors. Scoring of glial responses subjectively(More)
CD163, a monocyte and macrophage-specific surface glycoprotein, which is increased by interleukin-10 and glucocorticoids, is a scavenger receptor for hemoglobin/haptoglobin complexes. We report a rapid and highly reproducible rise in soluble CD163 in the plasma of human volunteers given intravenous lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We also show that LPS induces(More)
The authors conducted a randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effect of epidural anesthesia and postoperative analgesia (EAA) on postoperative morbidity in a group of high-risk surgical patients. A total of 53 patients were admitted to the study, 28 received EAA, and 25 received standard anesthetic and analgesic techniques without EAA.(More)
During the first half of the 20th century, physiologists were interested in the adrenal glands primarily because adrenalectomized animals failed to survive even mild degrees of systemic stress. It eventually became clear that hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex were critical for survival and, in this context, adrenal cortical hormones were widely(More)
UNLABELLED We previously reported that a continuous insulin infusion improves neutrophil phagocytic function after cardiac surgery in diabetic patients. These data suggested that hyperglycemia impairs neutrophil function, and because nondiabetic patients also experience hyperglycemia during cardiac surgery, we hypothesized that a continuous insulin infusion(More)
Control of colon cancer depends, in part, on intact immune defense mechanisms. Since opiates are known to affect some components of immune function, this study was conducted to determine the effect of high-dose subcutaneous morphine sulfate and of low-dose intrathecal morphine on the postoperative growth of metastatic colon cancer. Five groups of 15 Fischer(More)
Despite undergoing a curative resection, many patients with colorectal cancer will develop and die of metastatic disease. It has been shown clinically and experimentally that surgery causes a transient period of immunosuppression, and it is postulated that this may encourage both the implantation of surgically disseminated tumor cells and the growth of(More)
BACKGROUND Opioids are used by patients who have conditions ranging from the acute pain of surgery and chronic cancer pain to substance abuse. Despite their widespread use and considerable experimental data about them, little is known about how opioids may alter in vivo immunity in humans. This study was designed to evaluate the in vivo effect of morphine(More)
UNLABELLED Opioids, including fentanyl, are often administered to patients who may be at risk for the consequences of impaired immune function. We performed a clinical study to test the effects of the synthetic opioid fentanyl on human immune function. Participants received an IV fentanyl initial dose of 3 microg/kg followed by a 2-h IV infusion of 1.2(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative stopcock contamination is a frequent event associated with increased patient mortality. In the current study we examined the relative contributions of anesthesia provider hands, the patient, and the patient environment to stopcock contamination. Our secondary aims were to identify risk factors for stopcock contamination and to(More)