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Hepatic apolipoprotein (apo) B RNA editing was examined in the genetically obese hyperinsulinemic and hypertriglyceridemic Zucker rat. In obese Zucker rats, apo B RNA editing was increased 42% relative to that in lean controls. Correspondingly, the proportion of serum triglyceride-rich lipoprotein containing apo B48 increased 4.7-fold in the obese Zucker(More)
AIMS Cyclophilin A (CyPA) is a pro-inflammatory mediator involved in oxidative stress-related cardiovascular diseases. It is secreted from vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) in response to reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a highly regulated manner. Extracellular CyPA activates VSMCs and endothelial cells (ECs) promoting inflammation, cell growth, and cell(More)
Alteration of mRNA sequence through base modification mRNA editing frequently generates protein diversity. Several proteins have been identified as being similar to C-to-U mRNA editing enzymes based on their structural domains and the occurrence of a catalytic domain characteristic of cytidine deaminases. In light of the hypothesis that these proteins might(More)
Post-transcriptional editing of apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA is regulated in hepatic cells to achieve a steady state proportion of edited and unedited RNA molecules. This activity is catalyzed by APOBEC-1 (apoB mRNA editing catalytic subunit 1) in what has been widely accepted as nuclear event occurring during or after mRNA splicing. Introns impair the(More)
Apolipoprotein B (apoB) RNA editing involves site-specific deamination of a cytidine to a uridine. A mooring sequence, a spacer region, and a regulator region are components of the apoB RNA editing motif of which only the mooring sequence is both necessary and sufficient for editosome assembly and editing. The catalytic component of the editosome is(More)
Editing the apolipoprotein B (apoB) RNA involves deamination of cytidine by the catalytic subunit, APOBEC-1, as a component of an editosome. A tripartite sequence (editing motif) is essential for editosome assembly and site-specific editing. Current theory for the regulation of apoB RNA editing proposes that APOBEC-1 is rate limiting in cells and determines(More)
Apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA editing involves a site-specific cytidine to uridine transition catalyzed by the cytidine deaminase, APOBEC-1, in the context of and regulated by a multi-protein-containing editosome. ApoB mRNA editing in vivo is subject to tissue specific, developmental and metabolic regulation. We demonstrate for the first time that the amount(More)
Apolipoprotein B (apoB) RNA editing involves a cytidine to uridine transition at nucleotide 6666 (C6666) 5' of an essential cis -acting 11 nucleotide motif known as the mooring sequence. APOBEC-1 (apoB editing catalytic sub-unit 1) serves as the site-specific cytidine deaminase in the context of a multiprotein assembly, the editosome. Experimental(More)
The posttranscriptional deamination editing of apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA catalyzed by APOBEC-1 (apoB mRNA editing catalytic subunit 1) is a nuclear process. The signals in APOBEC-1 responsible for its dual cytoplasmic/nuclear distribution have been evaluated. Residues 97-172 in the middle of APOBEC-1 together with its N-terminal 56 residues affect(More)
A functional mooring sequence, known to be required for apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA editing, exists in the mRNA encoding the neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) tumor suppressor. Editing of NF1 mRNA modifies cytidine in an arginine codon (CGA) at nucleotide 2914 to a uridine (UGA), creating an in frame translation stop codon. NF1 editing occurs in normal tissue(More)