Mark P. Reilly

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Mathematical principles of reinforcement (MPR) attempts to integrate the empirical laws of reinforcement schedules that have accumulated over the decades. MPR is based on three principles: incentives excite behavior; there are temporal constraints on responding; and coupling of responses to reinforcers strengthens behavior [Behav. Brain Sci. 17 (1994) 105].(More)
The accuracy of ultrasound imaging to identify lumbar intervertebral level was assessed in 50 patients undergoing X-ray of the lumbar spine. Using an ultraviolet marker, an anaesthetist attempted to mark the L2/3, L3/4 and L4/5 intervertebral spaces. A radiologist unaware of these marks attempted to mark the same spaces with the aid of ultrasound imaging.(More)
A combination of electrophysiological mapping, behavioral analysis and cortical micro-stimulation was used to explore the interrelation between the auditory cortex and behavior in the adult rat. Auditory discriminations were evaluated in eight rats trained to discriminate the presence or absence of a 75 dB pure tone stimulus. A probe trial technique was(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been shown to exhibit behavioral characteristics analogous to those exhibited by humans diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study was conducted to further evaluate the validity of the SHR model of ADHD by characterizing learning of a novel response under conditions of(More)
Contingency-management interventions that provide reinforcement in the form of exchangeable vouchers, contingent on drug abstinence, are among the most effective substance abuse treatment strategies available. Factors known to contribute to the efficacy of these interventions include voucher magnitude and the schedule with which vouchers are made available.(More)
This study examined under naturalistic assessment conditions the validity of self-reported opiate and cocaine use among 175 veterans enrolled in methadone treatment, and factors related to self-report validity, such as stage in treatment and drug of abuse. Veterans were interviewed by clinical staff about past 30-day drug use with the addiction severity(More)
Mathematical principles of reinforcement (MPR; Killeen, 1994) is a quantitative model of operant behavior that contains three parameters representing motor capacity (delta), motivation (a), and short term memory (lambda). The present study applied MPR to characterize the effects of bilateral infusions of 6-OHDA into the substantia nigra pars compacta in the(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been studied extensively as a purported rodent model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Because ADHD in humans is partially defined by marked impulsivity, SHRs, if a valid model of ADHD, ought to behave more impulsively than their normotensive parent strain, Wistar Kyoto (WKY). This prediction(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been shown to exhibit three of the behavioral characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: hyperactivity, attention deficit and impulsivity. This study used SHRs and a control strain to assess the effects of the commonly prescribed psychomotor stimulant, d-amphetamine, on impulsivity, defined as(More)
Three experiments investigated foraging by rats and pigeons. In Experiment 1, each response on a manipulandum delivered food to a cup, with the distance between the manipulandum and the cup varying across conditions. The number of responses made before traveling to collect and eat the food increased with distance for rats, but not for pigeons. In Experiment(More)