Mark P McLean

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OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of smoking on eggs and subsequent embryo development by maternal exposure to cigarette smoke. DESIGN Mice were exposed to cigarette smoke or cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) for 4 weeks and then examined for development and telomere function of embryos in vitro after fertilization. In addition, the effects of continuous(More)
The effects of E2 on the high-density lipoprotein receptor (HDL-R) scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) gene were examined. Four putative estrogen response element half-site motifs (ERE(1/2)) (-2176, -1726, -1622, and -1211, designated ERE(1/2)-1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively) were identified in the HDL-R SR-BI promoter. Transfection studies and mutation(More)
Steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein mediates the rapid increase in steroid hormone biosynthesis in response to tropic hormones by facilitating transport of cholesterol into the inner mitochondrial membrane. Although our laboratory has recently reported on the hormonal regulation of StAR mRNA in the rat ovary, the same regulation in the human(More)
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) provide a valuable in vitro model for testing toxicity of chemicals and environmental contaminants including cigarette smoke. Mouse ESCs were acutely or chronically exposed to smoke components, cigarette smoke condensate (CSC), or cadmium, an abundant component of CSC, and then evaluated for their self-renewal, apoptosis, DNA(More)
Steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein is thought to mediate the rapid increase in steroid hormone biosynthesis in response to tropic hormones by facilitating cholesterol transport to the inner mitochondrial membrane where the P450 side-chain cleavage enzyme (P450scc) is located. Since cholesterol delivery is the regulated step in steroidogenesis and(More)
The high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor mediates the uptake of cholesterol and cholesteryl esters, substrates for steroidogenesis, from an HDL particle in the adrenal gland and gonads. We report here that treatment of rat luteal cells with 1 mM (Bu)2cAMP for 24 h dramatically induced (118-fold) HDL receptor messenger RNA levels. The rat HDL receptor(More)
The scavenger receptor class B isoforms (SR-B) type I and type II mediate the selective uptake of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and promote reverse cholesterol transport, an important atherosclerosis protection mechanism, in the liver. Previously it was shown that the hepatic expression of SR-BI and SR-BII is regulated by estrogen. In the present(More)
The high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor, or scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI), is critical for cholesterol transport and a potential target for hypercholesterolemic drugs. Thus, elucidation of the mechanism underlying regulation of the HDL receptor SR-BI gene is essential. It has been previously shown that there is a correlation between(More)