Learn More
The use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore central auditory function may be compromised by the intense bursts of stray acoustic noise produced by the scanner whenever the magnetic resonance signal is read out. We present results evaluating the use of one method to reduce the effect of the scanner noise: "sparse" temporal sampling.(More)
Detectability of a 400-ms, 1000-Hz pure-tone signal was examined in bandlimited noise where different spectral regions were given similar waveform envelope characteristics. As expected, in random noise the threshold increased as the noise bandwidth was increased up to a critical bandwidth, but remained constant for further increases in bandwidth. In the(More)
Effects of sound level on auditory cortical activation are seen in neuroimaging data. However, factors such as the cortical response to the intense ambient scanner noise and to the bandwidth of the acoustic stimuli will both confound precise quantification and interpretation of such sound-level effects. The present study used temporally "sparse" imaging to(More)
Active listening has been reported to elicit a different sensory response from passive listening and is generally observed as an increase in the magnitude of activation. Sensory activation differences may therefore be masked by the effect of attention. The present study measured activation induced by static and modulated tones, while controlling attention(More)
We define obscure auditory dysfunction (OAD) as the clinical presentation of reported difficulty understanding speech in the presence of noise accompanied by clinically "normal" hearing thresholds, and no other obvious cause. The term deliberately avoids particular pathophysiological connotations. A detailed characterization of such patients was undertaken(More)
Research on risk factors and pathogenesis of otitis media has emphasized the environment, but previous twin studies suggest a strong genetic component. In those studies, no attempt was made to differentiate the role of initial acute infection from the chronic airway blockage that frequently accompanies persistent effusion. The authors estimated genetic and(More)
Comodulation masking release for a 700-Hz pure-tone signal was investigated as a function of the number and spectral positions of 20-Hz-wide comodulated flanking bands. In the first experiment, all stimuli were presented diotically. CMR was examined as a function of the number of flanking bands present, in conditions where the bands were arranged(More)
Structural equation modeling (SEM) of neuroimaging data can be evaluated both for the goodness of fit of the model and for the strength of path coefficients (as an index of effective connectivity). SEM of auditory fMRI data is made difficult by the necessary sparse temporal sampling of the time series (to avoid contamination of auditory activation by the(More)