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The use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore central auditory function may be compromised by the intense bursts of stray acoustic noise produced by the scanner whenever the magnetic resonance signal is read out. We present results evaluating the use of one method to reduce the effect of the scanner noise: "sparse" temporal sampling.(More)
Active listening has been reported to elicit a different sensory response from passive listening and is generally observed as an increase in the magnitude of activation. Sensory activation differences may therefore be masked by the effect of attention. The present study measured activation induced by static and modulated tones, while controlling attention(More)
Effects of sound level on auditory cortical activation are seen in neuroimaging data. However, factors such as the cortical response to the intense ambient scanner noise and to the bandwidth of the acoustic stimuli will both confound precise quantification and interpretation of such sound-level effects. The present study used temporally "sparse" imaging to(More)
Structural equation modeling (SEM) of neuroimaging data can be evaluated both for the goodness of fit of the model and for the strength of path coefficients (as an index of effective connectivity). SEM of auditory fMRI data is made difficult by the necessary sparse temporal sampling of the time series (to avoid contamination of auditory activation by the(More)
We define obscure auditory dysfunction (OAD) as the clinical presentation of reported difficulty understanding speech in the presence of noise accompanied by clinically "normal" hearing thresholds, and no other obvious cause. The term deliberately avoids particular pathophysiological connotations. A detailed characterization of such patients was undertaken(More)
Detectability of a 400-ms, 1000-Hz pure-tone signal was examined in bandlimited noise where different spectral regions were given similar waveform envelope characteristics. As expected, in random noise the threshold increased as the noise bandwidth was increased up to a critical bandwidth, but remained constant for further increases in bandwidth. In the(More)
A sample of postaural hearing aid users was followed through adaptation to use of an aid over an 18-month period subsequent to issue. Minor assistance and advice was given but no intensive hearing therapy or other instruction. A miniature timing device was installed in an aid substituted for a few days to provide a check on self-reported extent of use. On(More)
The linguistic properties of the FAAF test material are expounded in relation to its objectives. It is shown from reference data that there are lexical effects inherent in the use of real-word minimal pairs rather than nonsense syllables. These are word-frequency effects upon phonemes in initial position and effects of imageability upon phonemes in final(More)
While BOLD contrast reflects hemodynamic changes within capillaries serving neural tissue, it also has a venous component. Studies that have determined the relation of large blood vessels to the activation map indicate that veins are the source of the largest response, and the most delayed in time. It would be informative if the location of these large(More)