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Prolyl endopeptidase cleaves peptide bonds on the carboxyl side of proline residues within a peptide chain. The enzyme readily degrades a number of neuropeptides including substance P, neurotensin, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone. The finding that the enzyme is inhibited by benzyloxycarbonyl-prolyl-proline, with a Ki(More)
A soluble metalloendopeptidase isolated from rat brain preferentially cleaves bonds in peptides having aromatic residues in the P1 and P2 position. An additional aromatic residue in the P3' position greatly increases the binding affinity of the substrate, suggesting the presence of an extended substrate recognition site in the enzyme, capable of binding a(More)
Pituitary cation-sensitive neutral endopeptidase splits peptide bonds on the carboxyl side of hydrophobic amino acids (chymotrypsin-like activity), basic amino acids (trypsin-like activity), and acidic amino acids (peptidyl-glutamyl-peptide bond hydrolyzing activity). All three activities copurify, are inhibited by cations, and reside in a single(More)
Initial studies on the specificity of the multicatalytic proteinase complex (MPC; EC 3.4.99.46) led to the identification of three distinct proteolytic components designated as trypsin-like, chymotrypsin-like, and peptidylglutamyl-peptide hydrolyzing, all sensitive to inactivation by 3,4-dichloroisocoumarin (DCI), a general serine proteinase inhibitor. The(More)
The proteasome, a multisubunit, multicatalytic proteinase complex, is attracting growing attention as the main intracellular, extralysosomal, proteolytic system involved in ubiquitin-(Ub) dependent and Ub-independent intracellular proteolysis. Its involvement in the mitotic cycle, and control of the half-life of most cellular proteins, functions absolutely(More)
A highly purified preparation of a cation-sensitive neutral endopeptidase was obtained from bovine pituitaries. The enzyme constitutes almost 0.1% of the protein in bovine pituitary homogenates. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the enzyme showed a single protein band, and in gel filtration experiments on calibrated Sepharose 6B columns the enzyme(More)
A metalloendopeptidase, optimally active at a neutral pH, was purified from the soluble fraction of brain homogenates. The enzyme (molecular weight about 67000) is strongly inhibited by metal chelators such as EDTA and o-phenanthroline. An EDTA-treated enzyme can be reactivated by several divalent metal ions including Zn2+, Co2+ and Mn2+. The specificity(More)