Mark O Turner

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BACKGROUND The accurate diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is an important component of any tuberculosis control programme and depends largely on tuberculin skin testing. The appropriate interpretation of skin test results requires knowledge of the possible confounding factors such as previous BCG vaccination. Uncertainty about the effect of(More)
We prospectively recruited patients admitted to the hospital with severe asthma to comprehensively evaluate the association of historical and physiologic features with the risk of near-fatal asthma (NFA). A case-control study design was used. All patients admitted with NFA (cases) were identified prospectively and compared with asthma patients admitted(More)
Great emphasis is placed on educating asthmatics to use action plans to achieve better control of symptoms. The use of peak flow meters (PFM) has been recommended as an important part of self-management plans. We studied 92 (47 F) adult patients with asthma in a primary care setting to compare the effectiveness of action plans using either peak flow(More)
We hypothesized that regular use of long-acting beta-agonists could delay recognition of ("mask") increasing airway inflammation. We studied steroid-sparing and "masking" effects of salmeterol versus placebo in 13 asthmatic individuals requiring >= 1,500 microgram inhaled corticosteroid daily. Corticosteroid doses were reduced weekly until criteria were met(More)
Patients at high risk from their asthma and therefore worthy of more focused asthma education are those at risk of fatal and near fatal asthma(NFA). In recent years the characteristics of these patients have been better defined. The most important risk factor appears to be a prior history of NFA. Other important features include prior emergency room visits(More)
BACKGROUND Sputum analysis provides a non-invasive method of examining the airway secretions of subjects with asthma in order to better understand the inflammatory process. Increased proportions of eosinophils are generally seen in the sputum of subjects with asthma, especially when there is an exacerbation. An unexpected observation in the sputum of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of bronchodilator delivery by use of a metered-dose inhaler (MDI) or wet nebulizer on objective measurements of acute airflow obstruction in adult patients. METHODS Published and unpublished research was identified by MEDLINE searches for articles published from 1966 to 1994, review of scientific citations, review of(More)
BACKGROUND Salmeterol is a potent long acting beta-agonist that is effective in relieving the symptoms and airflow limitation of asthma. OBJECTIVE To determine whether the effect of salmeterol on clinical parameters in a mild eosinophilic exacerbation of asthma was similar to that of beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) and, thus, is due to an(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchodilator delivery by metered dose inhaler (MDI) to treat airflow obstruction is considered to be less expensive and as effective as nebulized therapy. OBJECTIVES To document the utilization of bronchodilator delivery methods in a tertiary care Canadian university teaching hospital and to perform an economic evaluation. METHODS A(More)
A 47-year-old man presented with an eight-day history of nonproductive cough and constitutional symptoms progressing to respiratory failure. High resolution computed tomography revealed a diffuse micronodular pattern and a 'tree-in-bud' pattern in the lower lung zones. Transbronchial biopsy showed features consistent with bronchiolitis obliterans organizing(More)