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ERS is a primary source of economic research and analysis from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, providing timely information on economic and policy issues related to agriculture, food, the environment, and rural America. Increases in obesity and diet-related diseases are major public health problems. These problems may be worse in some U.S. communities(More)
because all or a part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). The(More)
Food security, or consistent access to adequate food, is important for children's health and development. The first U.S. assessment of children's food security was conducted in 1995 using the U.S. Household Food Security Scale, a measure based on 18 survey questions developed by the USDA and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Three recent(More)
The Food Stamp Program saw an unprecedented decline in participation from 27.5 million participants in 1994 to 18.2 million participants in 1999. A strong economy and changes in social welfare programs drove this change. An econometric model with State-level data calculated that 35 percent of the caseload decline from 1994 to 1998 was associated with(More)
Discussion papers provide a means for researchers, students and professionals to share thoughts and findings on a wide range of topics relating to food, hunger, agriculture and nutrition. They contain preliminary material and are circulated prior to a formal peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. Some working papers will(More)
The U.S. Household Food Security Scale, developed with federal support for use in national surveys, is an effective research tool. This study uses these new measures to examine associations between food insecurity and health outcomes in young children. The purpose of this study was to determine whether household food insecurity is associated with adverse(More)
Cognitive interviewing methods were used to adapt questions from the U.S. Food Security Survey Module for administration to children. Individual concurrent probing techniques using standardized probes were utilized to assess understanding of the items with 20 African American children (10 males, 10 females, aged 11-13 y). Item wording and response sets were(More)
In this study we examine the association between household food insecurity and seasonally high heating and cooling costs. Logistic regression models, controlling for socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, were estimated using data on household food security and economic and demographic data from the 1995-2001 Current Population Survey Food Security(More)
This work has not been formally reviewed or edited. The opinions expressed do not necessarily represent those of RAND Corporation or any other institution. We thank Pinka Chatterji, and participants in the IRP-USDA Small Grants Preconference and Final Conference, the PAA annual meeting, and the APPAM annual meeting for helpful comments. We thank Aaron(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examines the extent to which food insecurity and hunger in US households are occasional, recurring, or frequent/chronic. Design/Variables: The federal food security scale measures the severity of food insecurity in surveyed households and classifies households as to their food security status during the previous year. The Current(More)