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In view of the European Association of Echocardiography (EAE) mission statement "To promote excellence in clinical diagnosis, research, technical development, and education in cardiovascular ultrasound in Europe" and the increasing demand for standardization and quality control, the EAE have established recommendations and guidelines for standardization of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Embolism is believed to be the major cause of stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The detection of asymptomatic embolic signals (ES) in individuals with NVAF might allow identification of patients at high risk of stroke and monitoring of therapy in individual subjects. We determined the frequency of(More)
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The introduction of devices for transcatheter aortic valve implantation, mitral repair, and closure of prosthetic paravalvular leaks has led to a greatly expanded armamentarium of catheter-based approaches to patients with regurgitant as well as stenotic valvular disease. Echocardiography plays an essential role in identifying patients suitable for these(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with heart failure remain symptomatic and have a poor prognosis despite existing treatments. Decreases in myocardial contractility and shortening of ventricular systole are characteristic of systolic heart failure and might be improved by a new therapeutic class, cardiac myosin activators. We report the first study of the cardiac(More)
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI), but the sources of oxidative stress remain unclear. We investigated the role of Nox2-containing reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase in the development of cardiac remodeling after MI. Adult Nox2(-/-) and matched(More)
Transcatheter therapies for the treatment of valve heart diseases have expanded dramatically over the last years. The new developments and improvements in devices and techniques, along with the increasing expertise of operators, have turned the catheter-based approaches for valvular disease into an established treatment option. Various imaging techniques(More)
Over the past two to three decades echocardiography has come a considerable distance from the early M-mode machines, and has become an indispensable diagnostic tool in any cardiovascular department. It has long been proved to be safe and cost-effective, and its clinical versatility has steadily increased with the continued integration of newer techniques,(More)
This paper examines the evidence for contrast echocardiography, both for improving assessment of left ventricular structure and function compared with unenhanced echocardiography and for the identification of myocardial perfusion. Based on the evidence, recommendations are proposed for the clinical use of contrast echocardiography.
The aim of this study was to define the incidence of left ventricular thrombus (LVT) and its predictors in the contemporary era of primary percutaneous intervention (pPCI) and contrast echocardiography. We retrospectively analyzed 1,059 patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) to our tertiary cardiac center and treated with pPCI.(More)