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BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) has emerged as a therapeutic target using cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in selected patients with chronic heart failure. Current methods used to evaluate LVMD are technically difficult and do not assess LVMD of the whole LV simultaneously. We developed and validated real-time 3D(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with heart failure remain symptomatic and have a poor prognosis despite existing treatments. Decreases in myocardial contractility and shortening of ventricular systole are characteristic of systolic heart failure and might be improved by a new therapeutic class, cardiac myosin activators. We report the first study of the cardiac(More)
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Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI), but the sources of oxidative stress remain unclear. We investigated the role of Nox2-containing reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase in the development of cardiac remodeling after MI. Adult Nox2(-/-) and matched(More)
The introduction of devices for transcatheter aortic valve implantation, mitral repair, and closure of prosthetic paravalvular leaks has led to a greatly expanded armamentarium of catheter-based approaches to patients with regurgitant as well as stenotic valvular disease. Echocardiography plays an essential role in identifying patients suitable for these(More)
Recent updates in the field of echocardiography have resulted in improvements in image quality, especially in those patients whose ultrasonographic (ultrasound) evaluation was previously suboptimal. Intravenous contrast agents are now available in the United States and Europe for the indication of left ventricular opacification and enhanced endocardial(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the feasibility of measuring left atrial (LA) function with acoustic quantification (AQ) and then assess the effects of age and sex on LA reservoir, conduit, and booster pump function. PATIENTS AND SETTING 165 subjects without cardiovascular disease, 3-79 years old, were enrolled by six tertiary hospital centres. INTERVENTIONS(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to determine the use of cyclic variation in ultrasonic integrated backscatter (IBS), which is reduced in ischemic myocardium, to predict an occluded infarct-related artery (IRA) after thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This is important, because patency of the IRA 90 minutes after thrombolysis has(More)
Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is an established therapy for patients with heart failure with wide QRS duration. Recent studies observed that assessment of systolic dyssynchrony is an important diagnostic tool as the treatment involves the re-coordination of regional wall contraction within the left ventricle. Therefore, the effectiveness of CRT(More)