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New, complex radiotherapy delivery techniques require dosimeters that are able to measure complex three-dimensional dose distributions accurately and with good spatial resolution. Polymer gel is an emerging new dosimeter being applied to these challenges. The aim of this review is to present a practical overview of polymer gel dosimetry, including gel(More)
MRI scanning generates high levels of acoustic noise that cannot only pose a safety hazard, but also impair communication between staff and patient. In this article we present active noise control (ANC) techniques that introduce antiphase noise to destructively interfere with the MRI noise and with the aim of producing a zone of quiet around the patient's(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the necessity of performing MRI in the radiotherapy position when using MRI for prostatic radiotherapy. METHODS 20 prostate patients received a CT, diagnostic MRI and an MRI scan in the radiotherapy position. The quality of registration between CT and MRI was compared between the two MRI set-ups. The prostate and seminal vesicles(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact on localization of utilizing contrast-enhanced CT scans and the formal input of a radiologist in the planning process. 25 head and neck/brain patients had pre- and post-contrast CT scans in the treatment position. Radiotherapy treatment was planned on the unenhanced CT images as per standard practice.(More)
Few quantitative data are available on the kinetics of polymerization reactions in polymer gel (PAG) dosimeters and their long-term stability. Post-irradiation polymerization reactions have been found to continue for several weeks, posing questions regarding dosimeter stability and its achievement. In this paper we report an investigation of polymerization(More)
BANG-gel dosimetry offers the potential for measuring the dose delivered by a radiotherapy treatment technique, in three dimensions, with high spatial resolution and good accuracy. The ability to measure comprehensively a 3D dose distribution is a major advantage of the gel dosimeter over conventional planar and point-based dosimeter devices, particularly(More)
A new method of calibrating gel dosimeters (applicable to both Fricke and polyacrylamide gels) is presented which has intrinsically higher accuracy than current methods, and requires less gel. Two test-tubes of gel (inner diameter 2.5 cm, length 20 cm) are irradiated separately with a 10 x 10 cm2 field end-on in a water bath, such that the characteristic(More)
Although much has been published concerning the various safety risks associated with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, little mention is made of the acoustic noise generated during scanning. The existing data are now out of date with regard to currently used imaging protocols and technology. Out of concern for patient safety, measurements were made of the(More)