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New, complex radiotherapy delivery techniques require dosimeters that are able to measure complex three-dimensional dose distributions accurately and with good spatial resolution. Polymer gel is an emerging new dosimeter being applied to these challenges. The aim of this review is to present a practical overview of polymer gel dosimetry, including gel(More)
MRI scanning generates high levels of acoustic noise that cannot only pose a safety hazard, but also impair communication between staff and patient. In this article we present active noise control (ANC) techniques that introduce antiphase noise to destructively interfere with the MRI noise and with the aim of producing a zone of quiet around the patient's(More)
OBJECTIVES To improve the integration of MRI with radiotherapy treatment planning, our department fabricated a flat couch top for our MR scanner. Setting up using this couch top meant that the patients were physically higher up in the scanner and, posteriorly, a gap was introduced between the patient and radiofrequency coil. METHODS Phantom measurements(More)
Few quantitative data are available on the kinetics of polymerization reactions in polymer gel (PAG) dosimeters and their long-term stability. Post-irradiation polymerization reactions have been found to continue for several weeks, posing questions regarding dosimeter stability and its achievement. In this paper we report an investigation of polymerization(More)
BANG-gel dosimetry offers the potential for measuring the dose delivered by a radiotherapy treatment technique, in three dimensions, with high spatial resolution and good accuracy. The ability to measure comprehensively a 3D dose distribution is a major advantage of the gel dosimeter over conventional planar and point-based dosimeter devices, particularly(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the feasibility of registering hyperpolarized helium-3 magnetic resonance images ((3)He-MRI) to X-ray computed tomography (CT) for functionally weighted intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) planning. METHODS AND MATERIALS Six patients with non-small-cell lung cancer underwent (3)He ventilation MRI, which was fused with(More)
It is well known that the experimental dosimetry of brachytherapy sources presents a challenge. Depending on the particular-dosimeter used, measurements can suffer from poor spatial resolution (ion chambers), lack of 3D information (film) or errors due to the presence of the dosimeter itself distorting the radiation flux. To avoid these problems, we have(More)
A new method of calibrating gel dosimeters (applicable to both Fricke and polyacrylamide gels) is presented which has intrinsically higher accuracy than current methods, and requires less gel. Two test-tubes of gel (inner diameter 2.5 cm, length 20 cm) are irradiated separately with a 10 x 10 cm2 field end-on in a water bath, such that the characteristic(More)
Although much has been published concerning the various safety risks associated with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, little mention is made of the acoustic noise generated during scanning. The existing data are now out of date with regard to currently used imaging protocols and technology. Out of concern for patient safety, measurements were made of the(More)