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The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Bank of England. The authors would like to thank those companies who responded to the survey for giving up their time to participate. They would like to thank Alan Blinder and Alan Kirman for their advice on the questionnaire. They would also like to thank for helpful(More)
First described in 1881, Wernicke's encephalopathy continues to be an unrecognized and often misunderstood disease. The cause of Wernicke's encephalopathy is thiamine deficiency as a result of any nutritionally deficient state, though many physicians erroneously consider this disease to be confined only to alcoholics. Unfortunately, the syndrome is most(More)
This article focuses on rapid diagnosis and treatment of the patient suffering from trauma-related shock, including early identification of patients at risk for occult hypoperfusion. Resuscitation strategies (delayed resuscitation, damage control resuscitation), end points of resuscitation, and the role of blood products and pro-coagulants for resuscitation(More)
BACKGROUND Our aim was to determine the prevalence of platelet dysfunction using an end point of assembly into a stable thrombus after severe injury. Although the current debate on acute traumatic coagulopathy has focused on the consumption or inhibition of coagulation factors, the question of early platelet dysfunction in this setting remains unclear. (More)
BACKGROUND Coagulopathy in traumatic brain injury (CTBI) is a well-established phenomenon, but its mechanism is poorly understood. Various studies implicate protein C activation related to the global insult of hemorrhagic shock or brain tissue factor release with resultant platelet dysfunction and depletion of coagulation factors. We hypothesized that the(More)
Wernicke's encephalopathy may result in severe morbidity and possible mortality when unrecognized. We report a distinctive acid-base pattern that has not been associated with this syndrome. This is a case series of patients with Wernicke's encephalopathy who had an arterial blood gas measurement performed on initial presentation. Exclusion criteria were(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) and systemic coagulopathy are serious complications of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that frequently lead to poor clinical outcomes. Although the release of tissue factor (TF), a potent initiator of the extrinsic pathway of coagulation, from the injured brain is thought to play a key role in coagulopathy after TBI, its function in ALI(More)
Cannabinoid hyperemesis is a syndrome characterized by severe nausea and hyperemesis associated with chronic marijuana abuse and marked by compulsive bathing habits, which temporarily alleviate symptoms. We describe the syndrome in 4 adult patients for whom extensive gastrointestinal evaluations failed to identify another clear cause. Cessation of marijuana(More)