Mark M Schneider

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Thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a carboxypeptidase B-like zymogen that is activated to TAFIa by plasmin, thrombin, or the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex. The enzyme TAFIa attenuates clot lysis by removing lysine residues from a fibrin clot. Screening of nine human cDNA libraries indicated a common variation in TAFI at position 325(More)
Breast cancer is the leading cause of new cancer diagnoses among women. Using peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ((+/-)) mice, we showed normal expression of PPARγ was critical to stop 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced breast tumorigenesis. PPARγ is expressed in many breast cell types including mammary secretory epithelial (MSE)(More)
Among women worldwide, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer, and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Improved understanding of breast tumourigenesis may facilitate the development of more effective therapies. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ is a transcription factor that regulates genes involved in insulin(More)
UNLABELLED Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are highly aggressive cancers that lack targeted therapies. However, EGFR is frequently activated in a subset of TNBCs and represents a viable clinical target. Because the endocytic adaptor protein Endophilin A2 (SH3GL1/Endo II) has been implicated in EGFR internalization, we investigated Endo II expression(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ regulates the expression of genes essential for fat storage, primarily through its activity in adipocytes. It also has a role in carcinogenesis. PPARγ normally stops the in vivo progression of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-mediated breast tumours as revealed with PPARγ haploinsufficient mice. Since(More)
Previous work using soluble fibrin surrogates or very dilute fibrin indicate that inhibition of plasmin by antiplasmin is attenuated by fibrin surrogates; however, this phenomenon has not been quantified within intact fibrin clots. Therefore, a novel system was designed to measure plasmin inhibition by antiplasmin in real time within an intact clot during(More)
Activated thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFIa) is a carboxypeptidase B-like plasma enzyme that can slow clot lysis by removing lysine residues exposed on fibrin as it is cleaved by plasmin. Previously, it was shown that fibrin treated with TAFIa is less able to promote plasminogen activation by tissue-type plasminogen activator. In this study,(More)
Thrombin bound to thrombomodulin activates thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) and protein C much more efficiently than thrombin alone. Although thrombomodulin has been proposed to alter the thrombin active site, the recently determined structure of the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex does not support this proposal. In this study, the(More)
Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a procarboxypeptidase found in plasma that is activated by thrombin, the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex, or plasmin. The active carboxypeptidase, TAFIa, attenuates fibrinolysis by removing newly exposed carboxy-terminal lysine residues on fibrin. The half-maximal effect of TAFIa on clot lysis occurs at(More)
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