Mark M Manak

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OBJECTIVES Neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) antagonists interfere with binding of neuropeptide substance P to NK1R and exhibit novel anti-HIV-1 activities. Since NK1R antagonists effectively penetrate the blood-brain barrier to reduce the inflammatory response within the brain, we wished to evaluate their potential as anti-HIV-1 candidates for targeting HIV-1(More)
We have developed a microtiter sandwich hybridization assay for the detection of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified hepatitis B virus (HBV) sequences. This assay utilizes an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-like format in which cloned DNA containing a sequence complementary to half of one PCR product strand is immobilized in microtiter wells. A(More)
The continued global spread and evolution of HIV diversity pose significant challenges to diagnostics and vaccine strategies. NIAID partnered with the FDA, WRAIR, academia, and industry to form a Viral Panel Working Group to design and prepare a panel of well-characterized current and diverse HIV isolates. Plasma samples that had screened positive for HIV(More)
BACKGROUND Acute human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection is a major contributor to transmission of HIV-1. An understanding of acute HIV-1 infection may be important in the development of treatment strategies to eradicate HIV-1 or achieve a functional cure. METHODS We performed twice-weekly qualitative plasma HIV-1 RNA nucleic acid testing in(More)
Female CF-1 mice were immunized subcutaneously with a rotavirus vaccine consisting of noninfectious, purified empty capsids from simian rotavirus SA-11 and were given a booster dose at 14-17 days of gestation. The vaccinated animals developed high titers of rotavirus-specific IgG in colostrum and milk. Virus-specific IgA titers were significantly (150-fold)(More)
We have developed a microtiter-based sandwich hybridization assay for the detection of low copy number HIV-1 sequences. The assay employs a capture DNA sequence covalently coupled to microtiter wells through linker arms. The detection probe is a biotin-labeled DNA fragment derived from sequences adjacent to the capture sequence. After hybridization in the(More)
We developed an improved microtiter-based assay for the detection of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified DNA sequences. The synthetic DNA sequences used to prime the PCR were labeled with biotin at their 5' ends so that the specific PCR product was labeled with biotin. Following amplification, an aliquot of the PCR product was denatured and hybridized(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency whole blood transfusion is a lifesaving procedure employed on modern battlefields. Rapid device tests (RDTs) are frequently used to mitigate transfusion-transmitted infection risks. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A limited evaluation of the RDT formerly used on battlefields was performed using 50 donor plasma samples and commercially(More)
While abundant sequence information is available from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtypes A, B, C and CRF01_AE for HIV-1 vaccine design, sequences from West Africa are less represented. We sought to augment our understanding of HIV-1 variants circulating in 6 Nigerian cities as a step to subsequent HIV-1 vaccine development.The G/CRF02_AG(More)
The availability of reliable human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 (HIV-1/2) rapid tests in resource-limited settings represents an important advancement in the accurate diagnosis of HIV infection and presents opportunities for implementation of effective prevention and treatment interventions among vulnerable populations. A study of the potential(More)