Mark M Manak

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BACKGROUND Acute human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection is a major contributor to transmission of HIV-1. An understanding of acute HIV-1 infection may be important in the development of treatment strategies to eradicate HIV-1 or achieve a functional cure. METHODS We performed twice-weekly qualitative plasma HIV-1 RNA nucleic acid testing in(More)
OBJECTIVES Neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) antagonists interfere with binding of neuropeptide substance P to NK1R and exhibit novel anti-HIV-1 activities. Since NK1R antagonists effectively penetrate the blood-brain barrier to reduce the inflammatory response within the brain, we wished to evaluate their potential as anti-HIV-1 candidates for targeting HIV-1(More)
Short-term (1 h) treatment with a newly synthesized sulfated polysaccharide, curdlan sulfate (CRDS), showed relatively weak blocking effects on the binding of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) to the surface of H9 cells. To investigate whether long-term treatment with CRDS could strengthen this effect, CRDS in various doses (0.1, 1, 10, and 100(More)
We have developed a versatile chemical method of attaching hapten moieties onto DNA, for the construction of nonisotopic DNA probes. The DNA is reacted with N-bromosuccinimide at alkaline pH, resulting in bromination of a fraction of the thymine, guanine, and cytosine residues, with adenine modified to a lesser extent. The bromine is subsequently displaced(More)
Female CF-1 mice were immunized subcutaneously with a rotavirus vaccine consisting of noninfectious, purified empty capsids from simian rotavirus SA-11 and were given a booster dose at 14-17 days of gestation. The vaccinated animals developed high titers of rotavirus-specific IgG in colostrum and milk. Virus-specific IgA titers were significantly (150-fold)(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency whole blood transfusion is a lifesaving procedure employed on modern battlefields. Rapid device tests (RDTs) are frequently used to mitigate transfusion-transmitted infection risks. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A limited evaluation of the RDT formerly used on battlefields was performed using 50 donor plasma samples and commercially(More)
A photoactivatable reagent for introducing haptens onto DNA probes has been prepared using a commercially available bifunctional linker arm reagent and amino-derivatized 2,4-dinitrophenyl (DNP). The resulting compound (photo-DNP) couples efficiently to DNA using an ordinary sunlamp. Under optimum conditions, about 7-23 DNP molecules per 1000 bases are(More)
We have developed a microtiter sandwich hybridization assay for the detection of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified hepatitis B virus (HBV) sequences. This assay utilizes an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-like format in which cloned DNA containing a sequence complementary to half of one PCR product strand is immobilized in microtiter wells. A(More)
The continued global spread and evolution of HIV diversity pose significant challenges to diagnostics and vaccine strategies. NIAID partnered with the FDA, WRAIR, academia, and industry to form a Viral Panel Working Group to design and prepare a panel of well-characterized current and diverse HIV isolates. Plasma samples that had screened positive for HIV(More)