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Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is a member of the superfamily of ubiquitin-like polypeptides that become covalently attached to various intracellular target proteins as a way to alter their function, location, and/or half-life. Here we show that the SUMO conjugation system operates in plants through a characterization of the Arabidopsis SUMO pathway.(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that regulate protein levels post-transcriptionally. miRNAs play important regulatory roles in many cellular processes and have been implicated in several diseases. Recent studies have reported significant levels of miRNAs in a variety of body fluids, raising the possibility that miRNAs could serve as useful(More)
MOTIVATION Biological samples frequently contain multiple cell-types that each can play a crucial role in the development and/or regulation of adjacent cells or tissues. The search for biomarkers, or expression patterns of, one cell-type in those samples can be a complex and time-consuming process. Ordinarily, extensive laboratory bench work must be(More)
Interaction of hematopoietic progenitors with the thymic microenvironment induces them to proliferate, adopt the T lineage fate, and asymmetrically diverge into multiple functional lineages. Progenitors at various developmental stages are stratified within the thymus, implying that the corresponding microenvironments provide distinct sets of signals to(More)
Traditional fine-mapping approaches in mouse genetics that go from a linkage region to a candidate gene are very costly and time consuming. Shared ancestry regions, along with the combination of genetics and genomics approaches, provide a powerful tool to shorten the time and effort required to identify a causative gene. In this article we present a novel(More)
To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying compound-induced hemangiosarcomas in mice, and therefore, their human relevance, a systems biology approach was undertaken using transcriptomics and Causal Network Modeling from mice treated with 2-butoxyethanol (2-BE). 2-BE is a hemolytic agent that induces hemangiosarcomas in mice. We hypothesized that the(More)
BACKGROUND Austism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous behavioral disorder or condition characterized by severe impairment of social engagement and the presence of repetitive activities. The molecular etiology of ASD is still largely unknown despite a strong genetic component. Part of the difficulty in turning genetics into disease mechanisms and(More)
The GenSensor Suite consists of four web tools for elucidating relationships among genes and proteins. GenPath results show which biochemical, regulatory, or other gene set categories are over- or under-represented in an input list compared to a background list. All common gene sets are available for searching in GenPath, plus some specialized sets. Users(More)
A number of chemical compounds have been shown to induce liver tumors in mice but not in other species. While several mechanisms for this species-specific tumorigenicity have been proposed, no definitive mechanism has been established. We examined the effects of the nongenotoxic rodent hepatic carcinogen, WY-14,643, in male mice from a high liver tumor(More)
Lymphocryptoviruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) cause persistent infections in human and non-human primates, and suppression of the immune system can increase the risk of lymphocryptovirus (LCV)-associated tumor development in both human and non-human primates. To enable LCV infection as a non-clinical model to study effects of therapeutics on EBV(More)