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Using quantitative PET, the authors studied the binding of [11C]PK11195, a marker of activated microglia, in the thalamus of patients with chronic middle cerebral artery infarcts. All patients showed increased [11C]PK11195 binding in the ipsilateral thalamus, indicating the activation of microglia in degenerating projection areas remote from the primary(More)
Eight patients are reported who shared the combination of bilateral basal ganglia lesions and a frontal lobe-like syndrome. The main features were inertia and loss of drive, with preservation of intellectual function. Some patients showed stereotyped activities with compulsive and obsessive behaviour which were sometimes highly elaborate in pattern.(More)
Cyclin B1, the regulatory component of M phase-promoting factor (MPF), is degraded during the metaphase-anaphase transition in an anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C)-dependent process. MPF activity is stable in eggs, and a sperm-triggered Ca(2+) signal is needed to promote cyclin degradation. In frogs, a single Ca(2+) spike promotes cell cycle(More)
To investigate further the relations between cortical energy metabolism and neuropsychological impairment after unilateral thalamic lesion, 55 patients underwent positron emission tomography studies of either cortical oxygen consumption or glucose utilisation, including eight repeat studies, at times ranging from 4 days to 98 months after the onset of the(More)
Cdc20 and cdh1 are coactivators of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC). APC(cdc20) is necessary for the metaphase-anaphase transition and, at the end of mitosis, vertebrate cdc20 itself becomes a target for degradation through KEN-box-dependent APC(cdh1) activity. By studying the degradation of fluorescent protein chimaeras in mammalian oocytes and early(More)
Using position emission tomography (PET) and equilibrium imaging with oxygen-15 labelled gases, the cerebral blood flow (CBF), blood volume (CBV), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) and oxygen consumption rate (CMRO2) were measured in multiple regions of interest over the cerebral cortex of 5 control subjects, 4 patients with strictly unilateral longstanding(More)
During interkinesis, a metaphase II (MetII) spindle is built immediately after the completion of meiosis I. Oocytes then remain MetII arrested until fertilization. In mouse, we find that early mitotic inhibitor 2 (Emi2), which is an anaphase-promoting complex inhibitor, is involved in both the establishment and the maintenance of MetII arrest. In MetII(More)
We used positron emission tomography to study the cortical and cerebellar metabolic rates in 21 strictly selected patients with pure internal capsular infarct (n = 8), thalamocapsular hemorrhage (n = 6), or pure thalamic stroke (n = 7). Significant diffuse ipsilateral cortical hypometabolism relative to 62 controls free of cerebrovascular risk factors was(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) studies of the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) were performed in seven consecutive patients with bilateral paramedian thalamic infarcts (BPTI), selected on neuroradiological and clinical criteria. The latter consisted of sudden onset of coma or confusion followed by a persistent amnesia of varying severity, with(More)
Four right-handed patients (69, 58 and 68 year-old men; 85 year-old woman) complained of motor difficulties with their left hand (3 cases), or both hands predominant on the left side (1 case). Continuous (1 case) or intermittent (2 cases) myoclonus was noted in the left arm. These disorders gradually progressed for 3 to 10 years. Clinical examination(More)