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Age-related declines in striatal markers for the dopamine system have been demonstrated in several species. The current study investigated structural changes during aging in the rhesus monkey striatum. Male monkeys were studied using a volumetric spoiled gradient recall (SPGR) magnetic resonance imaging protocol. The caudate nucleus and putamen were(More)
Dietary restriction has been shown to have several health benefits including increased insulin sensitivity, stress resistance, reduced morbidity, and increased life span. The mechanism remains unknown, but the need for a long-term reduction in caloric intake to achieve these benefits has been assumed. We report that when C57BL6 mice are maintained on an(More)
Calorie restriction (CR), the purposeful reduction of energy intake with maintenance of adequate micronutrient intake, is well known to extend the lifespan of laboratory animals. Compounds like 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) that can recapitulate the metabolic effects of CR are of great interest for their potential to extend lifespan. 2DG treatment has been shown(More)
Aging is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species and oxidation-induced damage to intracellular structures and membranes. Caloric restriction (CR) is the only non-genetic method proven to extend lifespan in mammals. Although the mechanisms of CR remain to be clearly elucidated, reductions in oxidative stress have been shown to(More)
A fundamental question in the basic biology of aging is whether there is a universal aging process. If indeed such a process exists, one would expect that it develops at a higher rate in short- versus long-lived species. We have quantitated pentosidine, a marker of glycoxidative stress in skin collagen from eight mammalian species as a function of age. A(More)
Age-related alterations in auditory function were evaluated in adult male rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) involved in a long-term study evaluating the effects of caloric restriction (CR) on aging. We assessed 26 monkeys in a control group fed a low fat, high fiber diet at approximately ad libitum levels and 24 monkeys in a CR group that were fed the same(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) extends lifespan and reduces the incidence and age of onset of age-related disease in several animal models. To determine if this nutritional intervention has similar actions in a long-lived primate species, the National Institute on Aging (NIA) initiated a study in 1987 to investigate the effects of a 30% CR in male and female(More)
We report that a low-calorie diet can lessen the severity of neurochemical deficits and motor dysfunction in a primate model of Parkinson's disease. Adult male rhesus monkeys were maintained for 6 months on a reduced-calorie diet [30% caloric restriction (CR)] or an ad libitum control diet after which they were subjected to treatment with a neurotoxin to(More)
Identifying changes with age in physiological variables of captive nonhuman primates will aid in the proper treatment and clinical diagnosis of these animals, as well as enhance our understanding of nonhuman primate models for human aging. Information for 33 physiological variables was obtained from the Primate Aging Database, a multi-centered database(More)