Mark L. Wilson

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OBJECTIVES We evaluated the spatial accessibility of large "chain" supermarkets in relation to neighborhood racial composition and poverty. METHODS We used a geographic information system to measure Manhattan block distance to the nearest supermarket for 869 neighborhoods (census tracts) in metropolitan Detroit. We constructed moving average spatial(More)
Malaria epidemics in highland areas of East Africa have caused considerable morbidity and mortality in the past two decades. Knowledge of "hotspot" areas of high malaria incidence would allow for focused preventive interventions in resource-poor areas, particularly if the hotspot areas can be discerned during non-epidemic periods and predicted by ecological(More)
Epidemiological and molecular data on 248 bovine, 17 human, and 16 water samples of Cryptosporidium spp. collected from the lower peninsula of Michigan between 1997 and 2000 were analysed. Cryptosporidium parvum bovine genotype and Cryptosporidium andersoni were found in 56 and four cattle samples, respectively. A total of six C. parvum subgenotypes were(More)
As highland regions of Africa historically have been considered free of malaria, recent epidemics in these areas have raised concerns that high elevation malaria transmission may be increasing. Hypotheses about the reasons for this include changes in climate, land use and demographic patterns. We investigated the effect of land use change on malaria(More)
Many concerns over global change can be linked to the health and well-being of humans. Our welfare is intimately tied to that of our environment, resource base, and common home. Health effects can be traced from many factors, including changes in water resources, forests, agricultural production, atmosphere, and most other domains that will be affected by(More)
Objective While antenatal care does not directly contribute to reducing maternal mortality, it may play an indirect role by encouraging women to deliver with a skilled birth attendant or in a health facility. We investigated whether the frequency of visits and select characteristics of antenatal care were associated with facility delivery. Methods We(More)
Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy among Egyptian males and previously has been attributed to Schistosoma infection, a major risk factor for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Recently, transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) incidence has been increasing while SCC has declined. To investigate this shift, we analyzed the geographical patterns of all bladder(More)
The authors compared the contribution of white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus), chipmunks (Tamias striatus), and meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus) to infection of vector ticks with the Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgddorferi. At one Massachusetts location where Lyme disease is endemic, all three species of rodents were found to be infected.(More)
Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were captured in an area of Argentina endemic for American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL). A total of 44,944 flies were collected during a 130-wk interepidemic period from 1990 through 1993. These sand flies included Lutzomyia neivai (Pinto) (97.8%), Lutzomyia migonei (Franca) (1.2%), Lutzomyia cortelezzii(More)