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Pregabalin exhibits robust activity in preclinical assays indicative of potential antiepileptic, anxiolytic, and antihyperalgesic clinical efficacy. It binds with high affinity to the alpha(2)-delta subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels and is a substrate of the system L neutral amino acid transporter. A series of pregabalin analogues were prepared and(More)
Pregabalin, a synthetic branched chain γ-amino acid with anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, and analgesic activities, has been shown to bind with high affinity to the voltage-gated calcium channel α(2)δ subunit. Given the broad therapeutic utility of pregabalin, a series of experiments was undertaken to determine the potency, selectivity, and specificity of(More)
Inhibition of central α4β2 nAChRs by antidepressants, proposed to contribute to their clinical efficacy, was assessed for monoamine reuptake inhibitors (amitriptyline, nortriptyline, fluoxetine, sertraline, paroxetine, citalopram) by comparing projected human unbound brain drug concentrations (Cu,b) at therapeutic doses with concentrations that inhibit(More)
α-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) positive allosteric modulation (i.e., "potentiation") has been proposed to overcome cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, but AMPAR overstimulation can be excitotoxic. Thus, it is critical to define carefully a potentiator's mechanism-based therapeutic index (TI) and to determine(More)
As part of a program aimed at generating compounds with affinity for the alpha(2)-delta subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels, several novel beta-amino acids were prepared using an efficient nitroalkane-mediated cyclopropanation as a key step. Depending on the ester that was chosen, the target amino acids could be prepared in as few as three steps. The(More)
a-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) positive allosteric modulation (i.e., " potentiation ") has been proposed to overcome cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, but AMPAR overstimulation can be excitotoxic. Thus, it is critical to define carefully a potentiator's mechanism-based therapeutic index (TI) and to determine(More)
A unique tetrahydrofuran ether class of highly potent α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor potentiators has been identified using rational and structure-based drug design. An acyclic lead compound, containing an ether-linked isopropylsulfonamide and biphenyl group, was pharmacologically augmented by converting it to a(More)
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