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It had long been known that the decapitated cock can cross a yard. During the last century an automatic mechanism controlling stepping movements has also been found in other vertebrates. The system controlling locomotion has many features similar to these systems controlling other natural movements: respiration (28), micturition (98), scratching (154),(More)
1. An attempt has been made to elucidate how direct stimulation of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR, with Horsley-Clarke coordinates P2, L4, and H0) is transmitted through the pons to the spinal cord where a stepping generator is presumed to exist. 2. A longitudinal strip, termed the "pontine locomotor region" (PLR), was identified. It extends(More)
Trains of electrical stimuli were delivered to the mesencephalic 'locomotor region' in the rough skin newt. The current (3-12 mcA) and the interstimulus interval (100 to 200 ms) were adjusted so that locomotion arose in approximately 10 s, or so that the train remained subthreshold for initiation of locomotion. Impulses of single neurons in the hindbrain(More)
This chapter summarizes experiments which were designed to reveal how repetitive electrical stimulation of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR) recruits nearby hindbrain neurons into activity, such that locomotion can ensue in the tiger salamander, A. tigrinum. The MLR stimulus strength was subthreshold or near-threshold for locomotor movements to(More)