Mark L. Richards

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The effect of buprenorphine on bremazocine-induced diuresis was tested in the rat to determine the nature of buprenorphine's action at the ϰ opioid receptor. Both morphine-tolerant and naive rats were used to account for possible antidiuretic effects of buprenorphine at the µ site. Separate experiments established that the morphine pretreatment caused(More)
The relative in vivo receptor affinities of three oripavine drugs given subcutaneously were determined at the mu, delta and kappa type of opiate binding sites in rat brain. The oripavines include the agonist etorphine, the antagonist diprenorphine and the mixed agonist-antagonist buprenorphine. With the use of mu, delta and kappa specific labeling(More)
In vivo binding affinities of three benzomorphans, Win 44,441-3, bremazocine and MR 2266, were determined at the mu, delta and kappa types of opioid binding sites in rat brain, using an ex vivo labeling technique. The receptor occupancy of the benzomorphans and of previously tested diprenorphine were compared with their activities in increasing urine output(More)
A series of neuroblastoma cell lines were screened for the presence of opioid receptor sites with the tracers [3H]diprenorphine (mu, delta, kappa ligand) and [3H]naloxone (mu-selective ligand). One human neuroblastoma cell line, SK-N-SH, displayed avid binding for both tracers. Binding experiments with multiple tracers revealed the presence of both mu and(More)
Neuroblastoma cells in culture contain low levels of cyclic AMP, a second messenger which plays a major role in neuronal maturation. In this study, human neuroblastoma cells, SK-N-SH-SY5Y, were induced to differentiate by treatment with either nerve growth factor (50 ng/ml), retinoic acid (10 microM), dibutyryl cyclic AMP (1 mM), or(More)
Opioid receptor multiplicity was studied in the brain of intact rats by two experimental approaches. The first involved in vivo labeling by administration of [3H] tracers s.c. to intact rats. The second method was based on ex vivo labeling by incubating fresh brain homogenates immediately after sacrifice with suitable receptor type-specific tracers. The ex(More)
Opiate receptor sites in the rat brain were defined in vivo by measuring the binding of etorphine, sufentanil, diprenorphine, and naloxone in saturation and cross-competition experiments. The binding data were analyzed simultaneously, using a computerized curve-fitting technique with an extended least-squares nonlinear regression program. Three types of(More)
The effectiveness of the injectable anti-IgE antibody omalizumab has validated IgE as an important target for allergic diseases, thus spawning the development of small-molecule IgE inhibitors. Herein, a brief SAR is described for novel phenylbenzimidazole compounds that potently suppress IgE responses. In addition to IgE, these agents inhibit other targets(More)
The pharmacotherapy of allergy and asthma has traditionally focused on the effecter molecules of the allergic cascade, while neglecting targets that play an early role in their development. Reasoning that IgE is central to the expansion of atopic diseases, we identified and extended a novel family of 2-(substituted phenyl)-benzimidazole inhibitors of IgE(More)