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To differentiate the unique and overlapping functions of LFA-1 and Mac-1, LFA-1-deficient mice were developed by targeted homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells, and neutrophil function was compared in vitro and in vivo with Mac-1-deficient, CD18-deficient, and wild-type mice. LFA-1-deficient mice exhibit leukocytosis but do not develop(More)
BACKGROUND Previous work from our laboratory demonstrated that interleukin (IL)-6 plays a potentially critical role in postreperfusion myocardial injury and is the major cytokine responsible for induction of intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 on cardiac myocytes during reperfusion. Myocyte ICAM-1 induction is necessary for neutrophil-associated(More)
In the present study we determined the long-term effects of persistent, local insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) expression on cardiac function in the SIS2 transgenic mouse. Cardiac mass/tibial length was increased in SIS2 mice by 10 wk of age; this cardiac hypertrophy became more pronounced later in life. Peak aortic outflow velocity, a correlate of(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophil-induced cardiomyocyte injury requires the expression of myocyte intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and ICAM-1-CD11b/CD18 adhesion. We have previously demonstrated interleukin (IL)-6 activity in postischemic cardiac lymph; IL-6 is the primary stimulus for myocyte ICAM- 1 induction. Furthermore, we found that induction of IL-6 mRNA(More)
BACKGROUND Human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the most common cause of sudden cardiac death in the young, is characterized by cardiac hypertrophy, myocyte disarray, and interstitial fibrosis. The genetic basis of HCM is largely known; however, the molecular mediators of cardiac phenotypes are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We show myocardial(More)
Experimental models of acute ischemic myocardial injury indicate that the inflammatory response after the ischemic event contributes to tissue damage. This is especially apparent with reperfusion of the ischemic tissue. In such models some therapeutic strategies designed to reduce neutrophil accumulation or function have resulted in apparently beneficial(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of observations in patients with end-stage heart failure suggest that chronic ventricular unloading by mechanical circulatory support may lead to recovery of cardiac function. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a proinflammatory cytokine capable of producing pulmonary edema, dilated cardiomyopathy, and death.(More)
Recent studies have shown that bone marrow-derived fibroblasts contribute significantly to the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the recruitment of bone marrow-derived fibroblasts into the kidney are incompletely understood. Bone marrow-derived fibroblasts express the chemokine receptor--CCR2. In this study, we(More)
Sections of adult mammalian cardiac muscles fixed at room temperature reveal numerous microtubules (24--28 nm in diameter) both near the nucleus and in the extra-myofibrillar space. Microtubules encircle the nucleus, are associated with the myofibrils in a helical arrangement, and form a network that runs transversely at the level of the I band and axially(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations that lead to disruption of cytoskeletal proteins have been recorded in patients with familial dilated cardiomyopathy. We postulated that changes in cytoskeletal and sarcolemmal proteins provide a final common pathway for dilation and contractile dysfunction in dilated cardiomyopathy. In this study, we investigated the integrity of(More)