Mark L Burleson

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The effects of hyperoxic hypercapnia on cardiovascular and ventilatory variables and blood gas and acid/base parameters were examined in conscious and anesthetized spontaneously breathing (ASB) channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. These separate experiments were designed to determine: (1) if channel catfish show a ventilatory response to hypercapnic(More)
Afferent neural activity was recorded from sensory receptors innervated by the glossopharyngeal nerve (cranial nerve IX) in isolated, perfused first gill arch preparations from rainbow trout. The present study demonstrates the presence of every major type of peripheral cardio-respiratory receptor described in fish in this preparation. Oxygen-sensitive(More)
Little is known about the cells or mechanisms of O2 chemoreception in vertebrates other than mammals. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to identify O2-sensitive chemoreceptors in a fish. Putative O2-sensitive chemoreceptors were dissociated from the gills of channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, and cultured. A population of cells was identified(More)
Interactions between internal and external O2 stimulus levels were assessed by measuring the ventilatory and cardiovascular responses to varying water (PWO2) and air bladder (PabO2) O2 levels and intravascular NaCN in anesthetized spontaneously ventilating Lepisosteus osseus. As PWO2 fell, air-breathing frequency (fab) increased. Buccal pressure amplitude(More)
The effects of various neurochemicals were examined in intact, unanesthetized rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) to assess the role of branchial O2-sensitive chemoreceptors in the cardio-ventilatory responses to exogenous neurochemicals. cyanide stimulated ventilation and elicited bradycardia when give externally but only stimulated ventilation when(More)
There has been a reduction in the distribution of peripheral respiratory O(2) chemoreceptors from multiple, dispersed sites in fish and amphibia to a single dominant receptor site in birds and mammals. In the process, the cells in the fish gill associated with O(2) chemosensing (5-HT containing neuroepithelial cells often found in association with(More)
The effects of various neurochemicals on O2-sensitive chemoreceptor afferent discharge in the glossopharyngeal nerve (cranial nerve IX) were examined in an isolated, perfused first gill arch preparation from rainbow trout. Afferent neural activity from O2 receptors in the first gill arch increased in response to hypoxic perfusate and NaCN. Adrenergic(More)
The mechanisms responsible for altering cardioventilatory control in vertebrates in response to chronic hypoxia are not well understood but appear to be mediated through the oxygen-sensitive chemoreceptor pathway. Little is known about the effects of chronic hypoxia on cardioventilatory control in vertebrates other than mammals. The purpose of this study(More)
The afferent pathways mediating cardiovascular and ventilatory hypoxic reflexes were identified in anaesthetized, spontaneously breathing (ASB) channel catfish, Ictalurus pimctatus (Rafinesque), by bilateral section of cranial nerve IX and branchial branches of cranial nerve X to the four gill arches (Xbi-Xb4). Cardiovascular and ventilatory responses to(More)
This study examines the effects of lung inflation/deflation with and without CO2 on the entire population of pulmonary receptors in the vagus nerve in two species of snakes and two species of turtles. We asked the question, "how does the response of the entire mixed population of pulmonary stretch receptors (PSR) and intrapulmonary chemoreceptors (IPC) in(More)