Learn More
In this investigation, we studied the effects of bolus volume and viscosity on the quantitative features of the oral and pharyngeal phases of swallowing. Concurrent videofluoroscopic and manometric studies were done in 10 healthy volunteers who were imaged in lateral projection. Videofluorography was done at 30 frames/s while concurrent manometry was done(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare cerebral cortical representation of experimentally induced reflexive swallow with that of volitional swallow. Eight asymptomatic adults (24-27 yr) were studied by a single-trial functional magnetic resonance imaging technique. Reflexive swallowing showed bilateral activity concentrated to the primary sensory/motor(More)
Cortical representation of swallow-related motor tasks has not been systematically investigated. In this study, we elucidated and compared these cortical representations to those of volitional swallow using block-trial and single-trial methods. Fourteen volunteers were studied by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Cortical activation during both(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We evaluated the effect of a novel rehabilitative exercise on restoration of deglutition in a group of patients with deglutitive failure caused by abnormal upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening manifested by postswallow residue and aspiration necessitating percutaneous tube feeding. METHODS We studied a total of 27 patients by(More)
Esophageal exposure to acid is a major determinant in the pathogenesis of reflux esophagitis. In this study, we analyzed the esophageal peristaltic function of 177 patients and asymptomatic volunteers for abnormalities that could lead to prolonged esophageal acid clearance. The subjects were divided into five groups: normal volunteers, patient controls,(More)
Effect of aging, bolus volume, temperature, and consistency on the pharyngeal peristalsis, as well as the effect of aging on the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) resting pressure and its response to esophageal distension by air and balloon, were studied in 14 young and 12 healthy elderly volunteers. In both age groups there was no significant volume or(More)
Our goals in this study were to evaluate the mechanisms operative in swallow-associated opening of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and to determine the dynamics of fluid flow across the sphincter. For this purpose, we obtained concurrent videofluorographic and manometric studies of 2- to 30-ml barium swallows in 15 normal subjects. We found that the(More)
Earlier studies have shown that the cross-sectional area of the deglutitive upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening in healthy asymptomatic elderly individuals is reduced compared with healthy young volunteers. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a head-raising exercise on swallow-induced UES opening and hypopharyngeal intrabolus pressure(More)
Sonographic images of the gallbladder enable satisfactory approximation of gallbladder volume using the sum-of-cylinders method. The sum-of-cylinder measurements, however, are moderately cumbersome and time consuming to perform. In this investigation, in vitro and in vivo testing was done to determine that a simple ellipsoid method applied to sonographic(More)
Patients with a prominent cricopharyngeal bar visible on radiography are generally considered to have spasm of the cricopharyngeus, which is the major muscle component of the upper esophageal sphincter. This condition has been termed "cricopharyngeal achalasia." The aim of this study was to determine the pathogenesis of cricopharyngeal bars. Concurrent(More)