Mark Jeffrey Holmberg

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BACKGROUND The effect of mitral regurgitation (MR) on the incidence of new cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) and mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and left atrial thrombus (LAT) is unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of MR in patients with AF and LAT on new CVA and mortality. METHODS Eighty nine consecutive patients, mean age 71(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a recurrent problem that frequently requires repeat cardioversion. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is indicated before cardioversion in patients who are underanticoagulated (warfarin therapy <3 weeks or international normalized ratio [INR] <2.0). It remains uncertain if TEE should be repeated in(More)
UNLABELLED Left atrial volume index (LAVI) as a predictor of mortality has not been well investigated in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of LAVI in predicting mortality in CRT patients. METHODS We studied 100 consecutive patients who received CRT (male 73, age 69.9 ± 9.6 years).(More)
It has been shown that the arterial baroreflex is depressed in heart failure. The role of alterations in afferent discharge as a possible mechanism for this depression has not been investigated previously. Single unit aortic baroreceptor activity was recorded from six normal dogs and from nine dogs, each with a chronic aorto-caval fistula (AVF). At the time(More)
INTRODUCTION We hypothesized a relationship between severity of thoracic aortic atheroma (AA) and prevalence of high-risk coronary anatomy (HRCA). MATERIAL AND METHODS We investigated AA diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography and HRCA diagnosed by coronary angiography in 187 patients. HRCA was defined as ≥ 50% stenosis of the left main coronary(More)
Eosinophilic myocarditis is characterized by progressive myocardial damage that results in heart failure and death. Herein, we present the case of a 54-year-old man who presented with symptoms of acute myocardial infarction. Normal coronary angiographic results and the presence of elevated levels of peripheral-blood eosinophilia prompted an endomyocardial(More)
INTRODUCTION The combination of pulsed wave (PW) and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) has been proposed as a new method to assess left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD), but results have not been validated. We investigated the correlation of a combination of PW and TDI with a positive response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). MATERIAL(More)
Right ventricular rupture is a critical cardiac complication associated with cardiac tamponade and death. Occasionally, the site of rupture may be contained by the parietal pericardium and thrombus, thus forming a pseudoaneurysm. Cases of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the right ventricle have been reported. However, right ventricular pseudoaneurysm following(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized a patient selection score (PSS) may improve patient selection for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). METHODS Of 136 patients who received CRT, group A included 100 study patients and group B 36 patients for validation. A positive response to CRT was a left ventricular (LV) end-systolic volume decrease of ≥15% and survival(More)
We studied 95 consecutive patients, mean age 70 years, who received cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) for class III or IV heart failure with a left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction < or =35% and a QRS duration > or =120 ms. Sixty-seven patients had intrinsic left bundle branch block (LBBB) (group 1), and 28 patients had right ventricular(More)