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One model of neuronal polarity (Dotti and Simons, 1990) proposes that neurons and polarized epithelia use similar mechanisms to sort membrane proteins. To explore this hypothesis, we used viral vectors to express proteins in cultured neurons and assessed their distribution using quantitative immunofluorescence microscopy. Basolateral epithelial proteins(More)
Hippocampal neurons in culture develop morphological polarity in a sequential pattern; axons form before dendrites. Molecular differences, particularly those of membrane proteins, underlie the functional polarity of these domains, yet little is known about the temporal relationship between membrane protein polarization and morphological polarization. We(More)
Fura-2 recording of Ca 2 influx was used to show that incubation in 1 M nicotine (2– 6 d) upregulates several pharmacological components of acetylcholine (ACh) responses in ventral midbrain cultures, including a MLA-resistant, DH E-sensitive component that presumably corresponds to 4 2 receptors. To study changes in 4 2 receptor levels and assembly during(More)
The outgrowth of neuronal processes involves a great increase in the surface area of the cell. The supply of membrane material necessarily must be coordinated with the demands for neurite growth. The selective growth of only one or two neurites at any given time during the development of polarity raises the possibility that the production of materials by(More)
Fura-2 recording of Ca2+ influx was used to show that incubation in 1 microm nicotine (2-6 d) upregulates several pharmacological components of acetylcholine (ACh) responses in ventral midbrain cultures, including a MLA-resistant, DHbetaE-sensitive component that presumably corresponds to alpha4beta2 receptors. To study changes in alpha4beta2 receptor(More)
The 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B serotonin receptors are expressed in a variety of neurons in the central nervous system. While the 5-HT1A receptor is found on somas and dendrites, the 5-HT1B receptor has been suggested to be localized predominantly on axon terminals. To study the intracellular addressing of these receptors, we have used in vitro systems including(More)
The axonal and somatodendritic domains of neurons differ in their cytoskeletal and membrane composition, complement of organelles, and capacity for macromolecular synthesis. Recently there has been progress in elucidating the cellular mechanisms that underlie the establishment and maintenance of neuronal polarity, including microtubule organization and the(More)
Neuronal nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) appear to function at both pre- and postsynaptic sites, to modulate the release of neurotransmitter, and to mediate synaptic transmission, respectively. Localization of functional nAChRs at presynaptic structures has only been possible under the best of circumstances where the presynaptic structure is very large(More)
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