Mark J. W. McPhail

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IMPORTANCE Survivors of critical illness demonstrate skeletal muscle wasting with associated functional impairment. OBJECTIVE To perform a comprehensive prospective characterization of skeletal muscle wasting, defining the pathogenic roles of altered protein synthesis and breakdown. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Sixty-three critically ill patients(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acute liver failure (ALF) is a rapidly progressive critical illness with high mortality. Complex intensive care unit (ICU) protocols and emergency liver transplantation (ELT) are now often available, but rarity and severity of illness have limited its study and evidence-base for care. We reviewed patients treated over a 35-year period at a(More)
Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) increases morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation (LT). Novel methods of assessing AKI including cystatin C (CyC) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) have been identified as potential markers of AKI. We compare the ability of standard renal markers (serum creatinine [sCr], estimated(More)
UNLABELLED Acetaminophen-induced acute liver failure (AALF) is associated with innate immunity activation, which contributes to the severity of hepatic injury and clinical outcome. A marked increase in hepatic macrophages (h-mφ) is observed in experimental models of AALF, but controversy exists regarding their role, implicating h-mφ in both aggravation and(More)
To determine what physiological and biochemical factors predict development of bacteraemia and mortality in patients with acute liver failure (ALF). Retrospective analysis of 206 ALF patients admitted to a specialist liver intensive therapy unit (LITU) from January 2003 to July 2005 (data collected prospectively). A total of 206 patients were defined with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Current techniques for predicting outcome and requirement for emergency liver transplantation (ELT) in acute liver failure (ALF) are imperfect, though The Kings College Criteria (KCC) are the most commonly applied tools for this purpose. Their performance in identification of patients with non-paracetamol-induced ALF (non-POD ALF), who(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The incidence of cirrhosis and subsequent development of organ dysfunction (OD) requiring intensive care unit (ICU) support is rising. Historically, critically ill cirrhotics are perceived as having poor prognosis and substantial cost of care. METHODS The aim was to prospectively analyse resource utilisation and cost of a large cohort of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine what physiological and biochemical factors predict development of bacteremia in nontransplanted patients with acute on chronic liver failure and, on diagnosis of bacteremia, what is the natural history of bacteremic patients versus control subjects (acute on chronic liver failure). INTERVENTIONS None. DESIGN Retrospective(More)
Changes in monocytes and their subsets (CD14(hi)/CD16(neg), CD14(hi)/CD16(pos) and CD14(lo)/CD16(pos)) have been described in several diseases. The combination of CD14, CD16 and HLA-DR has been suggested to discriminate monocytes from the CD16(pos) /HLA-DR(neg) NK-cells and neutrophils but no data exist whether this strategy can be used in situations when(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS During the past decade, survival has increased among patients admitted to general intensive care units, but it is not clear if it has increased for patients admitted with cirrhosis and organ failure. The chronic liver failure-sequential organ failure assessment (CLIF-SOFA) recently was developed as an adaptation to the SOFA to predict(More)