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The light-driven photocycle of rhodopsin begins the photoreceptor cascade that underlies visual response. In a sequence of events, the retinal covalently attached to the rhodopsin protein undergoes a conformational change that communicates local changes to a global conformational change throughout the whole protein. In turn, the large-scale protein change(More)
Little is known about the nature of the microbiology in tap waters delivered to consumers via public drinking water distribution systems (DWDSs). In order to establish a broader understanding of the microbial complexity of public drinking waters we sampled tap water from seventeen different cities between the headwaters of the Arkansas River and the mouth(More)
RATIONALE Oropharyngeal (OP) swabs and induced sputum (IS) are used for airway bacteria surveillance in nonexpectorating children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Molecular analyses of these airway samples detect complex microbial communities. However, the optimal noninvasive sampling approach for microbiota analyses and the clinical relevance of microbiota,(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary exacerbations (PEx), frequently associated with airway infection and inflammation, are the leading cause of morbidity in cystic fibrosis (CF). Molecular microbiologic approaches detect complex microbiota from CF airway samples taken during PEx. The relationship between airway microbiota, inflammation, and lung function during CF PEx is(More)
The Community Atmosphere Model version 3 (CAM3) is the latest generation of a long lin-eage of general circulation models produced by a collaboration between the National Center for Atmospheric Research(NCAR) and the scientific research community. Many aspects of the hydrological cycle have been changed relative to earlier versions of the model. It is the(More)
BACKGROUND This study determined the prevalence, types, and attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) and therapies in cancer patients actively undergoing conventional cancer treatment at a regional cancer centre. METHODS Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire provided to adult cancer patients attending a(More)
We present coarse-grained simulations of fusion between two liposomes from which a detailed picture of lipid movements emerges. In these simulations the bilayers dilate at the contact edge, and the resulting increase in the area per lipid produces a tilting of the individual molecules as predicted. Fusion is initiated when some of these tilted lipids splay(More)
A minimal model of lipid molecules consisting of bead-spring representation is developed. The basic interactions are hydrophobic and polar interactions. Essential physical features of lipid bilayers are maintained using this model, and relatively long times can be simulated in comparison to atomistic models. Self-assembly from a random starting(More)
Domain structure and formation in lipid bilayers are investigated by molecular dynamics simulations using a coarse-grained lipid model. The lipid bilayers consist of two lipid types that are identical except for tail length. At a temperature intermediate to the two melting temperatures of the constituent lipid types, gel domains spontaneously form from an(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the composition and diversity of microorganisms associated with bioaerosols in a heavily trafficked metropolitan subway environment. We collected bioaerosols by fluid impingement on several New York City subway platforms and associated sites in three sampling sessions over a 1.5-year period. The types and quantities(More)