Mark J.S. Heath

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We have found that, during the early stages of cortical neurogenesis, both GABA and glutamate depolarize cells in the ventricular zone of rat embryonic neocortex. In the ventricular zone, glutamate acts on AMPA/kainate receptors, while GABA acts on GABAA receptors. GABA induces an inward current at resting membrane potentials, presumably owing to a high(More)
The behavioral and cognitive effects of nicotine suggest that nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) participate in central nervous system (CNS) function. Although nAChR subunit messenger RNA (mRNA) and nicotine binding sites are common in the brain, there is little evidence for synapses mediated by nAChRs in the CNS. To test whether, CNS nAChRs might(More)
Alterations in serotonin (5-hydroxytriptamine, 5-HT), norepinephrine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid have been linked to the pathophysiology of anxiety and depression, and medications that modulate these neurotransmitters are widely used to treat mood disorders. Recently, the neuropeptide substance P (SP) and its receptor, the neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R),(More)
1. Expression of receptors to extracellular calcium enables parafollicular cells of the thyroid gland (PF cells) to release calcitonin (CT) and serotonin (5-HT) in response to increased external Ca2+. Recently, a calcium-sensing receptor (CaR), similar to the G protein-coupled receptor for external Ca2+ cloned from parathyroid gland, was shown to be(More)
An understanding of the unique preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative considerations of left ventricular assist device implantation is essential for the successful anesthetic management of these challenging cases. This article discusses the different stages of anesthetic care of the left ventricular assist device recipient, including preoperative(More)
1. The floor plate is a ventral mid-line structure that plays a pivotal role in the organization of the developing vertebrate central nervous system. Previous studies have demonstrated that the floor plate may provide signals that induce neuronal differentiation and guide axons; however, it is not known whether the floor plate can itself respond to signals(More)
An important yet unanswered question is how neonates respond to painful stimuli, given the immaturity of their neural pathways. We examined the development of the neurokinin system using a novel approach, examining changes of this system by observing the pain responses of mice lacking the NK1 receptor at different stages of development We show that the NK1(More)
1. A Ca(2+)-dependent interaction between non-NMDA and NMDA receptors was studied in embryonic rat dorsal horn neurons grown in tissue culture using perforated-patch recording. Specifically, non-NMDA receptors were found to induce reversible inhibition of NMDA receptors in a manner dependent on the presence of extracellular Ca2+. 2. Non-NMDA(More)
1. We used microfluorimetric measurement of [Ca2+]i to identify substance P-sensitive cells acutely isolated from the dorsal horn of neonatal rats. We then used morphological, physiological, and immunocytochemical criteria to delineate two distinct populations of substance P-sensitive dorsal horn cells. 2. One population of cells with small-diameter cell(More)