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Protein arrays are described for screening of molecular markers and pathway targets in patient matched human tissue during disease progression. In contrast to previous protein arrays that immobilize the probe, our reverse phase protein array immobilizes the whole repertoire of patient proteins that represent the state of individual tissue cell populations(More)
BACKGROUND Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a very poor prognosis, which is largely due to late diagnosis. Successful early detection strategies will require identification of clinically relevant precursor lesions that can be targets for screening and treatment. AIMS To identify the clinically relevant histological precursors of OSCC. (More)
CD97 is a receptor that spans the membrane seven times, a defining feature of G protein-coupled receptors. CD97 is predominantly expressed in leukocytes, but the function and accurate protein structure of this receptor have not been described. We show here that CD97 has the novel property among G protein-coupled receptors characterized to date of being(More)
Esophageal cancer is a leading cause of cancer death, especially in developing countries. In high-risk regions, squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of esophageal cancer, and its etiology remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and esophageal squamous cell(More)
Pepsinogens are a class of endopeptidases that are secreted by the gastric epithelium and released into the circulation. Low serum pepsinogen I (PGI) and low serum pepsinogen I/pepsinogen II ratio (PGI/II ratio) are markers of gastric fundic atrophy, and have recently been shown to be associated with increased risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown important effects of stromal elements in carcinogenesis. To explore the tumor-stromal relationship in esophageal neoplasia, we examined methylation of COX-2 (PTGS2), a gene etiologically associated with the development of gastrointestinal cancers, in adjacent foci of epithelium, subepithelial lymphocytes and(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a mycotoxin frequently found as a contaminant of cereal crops and may be etiologically associated with adverse health effects in developing countries where considerable quantities of contaminated crops are consumed. We investigated the metabolism of DON in rats as a basis to establish methodology for a candidate biomarker of human(More)
Tumor and matched normal tissue from 19 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients from a high-risk area of China were analyzed with 7680 gene cDNA microarrays. Forty-one genes were differentially expressed (P < 0.001; >/==" BORDER="0">2-fold change) between tumor and matched normal samples (13 overexpressed and 28 underexpressed). Hierarchical clustering(More)
BACKGROUND In previous studies in the high risk population of Linxian, China, the majority of foci of high grade (moderate and severe) squamous dysplasia (HGD) and invasive squamous carcinoma (CA) of the esophagus were associated with endoscopically visible lesions that could be targeted for biopsy, but some foci of HGD were missed by routine endoscopic(More)
Annexin I protein expression was evaluated in patient-matched longitudinal study sets of laser capture microdissected normal, premalignant, and invasive epithelium from human esophageal squamous cell cancer and prostatic adenocarcinoma. In 25 esophageal cases (20 by Western blot and 5 by immunohistochemistry) and 17 prostate cases (3 by Western blot and 14(More)