Mark J. Potosnak

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The emission of isoprene from the leaves of forest trees is a fundamental component of biosphere-atmosphere interactions, controlling many aspects of photochemistry in the lower atmosphere. As almost all commercial agriforest species emit high levels of isoprene, proliferation of agriforest plantations has significant potential to increase regional ozone(More)
[1] Disjunct eddy covariance in conjunction with continuous in-canopy gradient measurements allowed for the first time to quantify the fine-scale source and sink distribution of some of the most abundant biogenic (isoprene, monoterpenes, methanol, acetaldehyde, and acetone) and photooxidized (MVK+MAC, acetone, acetaldehyde, acetic, and formic acid) VOCs in(More)
Biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) contribute significantly to the formation of ozone and secondary organic aerosol (SOA). The Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature (MEGANv2.02) is used to estimate emissions of isoprene, monoterpenes (MT), and sesquiterpenes (SQT) across the United States. Compared to the Biogenic Emission Inventory(More)
This manuscript includes findings from field and numerical modeling investigations designed to quantify the degree and rates of biogenic hydrocarbon chemical processing within and above a mixed deciduous forest in the southeastern United States. The study site was under the influences of nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbon emissions from suburban automobile(More)
Cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh.) trees grown for 9 months in elevated carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2]) showed significant increases in height, leaf area and basal diameter relative to trees in a near-ambient [CO2] control treatment. Sample trees in the CO2 treatments were subjected to high and low atmospheric vapor pressure deficits (VPD)(More)
Leaves of some plants emit isoprene, a volatile hydrocarbon. This is formed by a novel chloroplastic isoprenoid biosynthetic pathway, the 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate pathway. The thermoprotection hypothesis suggests that isoprene protects thylakoids from damage at high temperatures. In this article, we discuss the most recent discoveries about the(More)
The global emissions of isoprene are calculated at 0.5 resolution for each year between 1995 and 2006, based on the MEGAN (Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature) version 2 model (Guenther et al., 2006) and a detailed multi-layer canopy environment model for the calculation of leaf temperature and visible radiation fluxes. The calculation is(More)
Seasonal cycles of isoprene concentrations in the Amazonian rainforest C. R. Trostdorf, L. V. Gatti, A. Yamazaki, M. J. Potosnak, A. Guenther, W. C. Martins, and J. W. Munger Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN), São Paulo, Brazil NCAR – Atmospheric Chemistry Division, Boulder, CO, USA Universidade Federal do Para, Santarém, Brazil Harvard(More)
A three-part study was conducted to quantify the impact of landscaped vegetation on air quality in a rapidly expanding urban area in the arid southeastern United States. The study combines in situ, plant-level measurements, a spatial emissions inventory, and a photochemical box model. Maximum plant-level basal emission rates were moderate: 18.1 mgC gdw 1 h(More)