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Findings on cranial magnetic resonance (MR) images were correlated with known histopathologic findings in 42 patients with tuberous sclerosis (TS), 17 of whom received gadopentetate dimeglumine, to extend the range of signs on MR images. Four neuroradiologists recorded the number, sites, configurations, and relative signal intensities of intracranial(More)
Although tissue injury and inflammation are considered essential for the induction of angiogenesis, the molecular controls of this cascade are mostly unknown. Here we show that a macrophage-derived peptide, PR39, inhibited the ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha protein, resulting in accelerated formation of(More)
Murine models of atherosclerosis, such as the apolipoprotein E (apoE) or the LDL receptor knockout mice, usually do not exhibit many of the cardinal features of human coronary heart disease (CHD), eg, spontaneous myocardial infarction, severe cardiac dysfunction, and premature death. Here we show that mice with homozygous null mutations in the genes for(More)
The establishment of functional and stable vascular networks is essential for angiogenic therapy. Here we report that a combination of two angiogenic factors, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2, synergistically induces vascular networks, which remain stable for more than a year even after depletion of angiogenic(More)
Vascular basement membrane is an important structural component of blood vessels and has been shown to interact with and modulate vascular endothelial behavior during angiogenesis. During the inductive phase of tumor angiogenesis, this membrane undergoes many degradative and structural changes and reorganizes to a native state around newly formed(More)
The notion of a minimum spanning ellipsoid in any dimension is explained. Basic definitions and theorems provide the ideas for an algorithm to find the minimum spanning ellipsoid of a set of points, i.e., the ellipsoid of minimum volume containing the set. The run-time of the algorithm <italic>O (n<supscrpt>2</supscrpt>)</italic> independent of dimension,(More)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, a common complication of infections with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), occurs in as many as 3.8% of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). We report 16 cases and review 12 previously reported cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy associated with HIV infection. This illness(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify cerebral aneurysmal arteriopathy in children with longstanding AIDS. BACKGROUND Five cases are described from the authors' experience, and eight additional cases are reviewed from the literature. Details are presented in regard to the clinical picture as well as brain imaging with cerebral angiography and magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE While MR findings in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) have been described previously, usually in retrospective studies with limited sample size, what has not been well addressed is whether any are predictive of longer survival. Our participation in a large prospective clinical trial of AIDS patients with biopsy-proved(More)