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Findings on cranial magnetic resonance (MR) images were correlated with known histopathologic findings in 42 patients with tuberous sclerosis (TS), 17 of whom received gadopentetate dimeglumine, to extend the range of signs on MR images. Four neuroradiologists recorded the number, sites, configurations, and relative signal intensities of intracranial(More)
The establishment of functional and stable vascular networks is essential for angiogenic therapy. Here we report that a combination of two angiogenic factors, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2, synergistically induces vascular networks, which remain stable for more than a year even after depletion of angiogenic(More)
Murine models of atherosclerosis, such as the apolipoprotein E (apoE) or the LDL receptor knockout mice, usually do not exhibit many of the cardinal features of human coronary heart disease (CHD), eg, spontaneous myocardial infarction, severe cardiac dysfunction, and premature death. Here we show that mice with homozygous null mutations in the genes for(More)
Although tissue injury and inflammation are considered essential for the induction of angiogenesis, the molecular controls of this cascade are mostly unknown. Here we show that a macrophage-derived peptide, PR39, inhibited the ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha protein, resulting in accelerated formation of(More)
Vascular basement membrane is an important structural component of blood vessels and has been shown to interact with and modulate vascular endothelial behavior during angiogenesis. During the inductive phase of tumor angiogenesis, this membrane undergoes many degradative and structural changes and reorganizes to a native state around newly formed(More)
The notion of a minimum spanning ellipsoid in any dimension is explained. Basic definitions and theorems provide the ideas for an algorithm to find the minimum spanning ellipsoid of a set of points, i.e., the ellipsoid of minimum volume containing the set. The run-time of the algorithm <italic>O (n<supscrpt>2</supscrpt>)</italic> independent of dimension,(More)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, a common complication of infections with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), occurs in as many as 3.8% of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). We report 16 cases and review 12 previously reported cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy associated with HIV infection. This illness(More)
Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings were reviewed in 26 patients with tuberous sclerosis. All patients underwent CT; 16 patients underwent both. The CT features included subependymal nodules in 25 of 26 patients (96%) and calcifications in 23 of 26 (88%). Parenchymal hamartomas (cortical tubers) were seen in 23 of 26(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine what advantages the use of paramagnetic contrast material might have in evaluating patients clinically suspected of having spinal infection. To determine this we prospectively examined with noncontrast and contrast magnetic resonance (MR) 33 such patients and correlated the MR diagnoses with clinical and pathologic(More)
Evaluation of intracranial and intraspinal CSF flow was accomplished by the use of cardiac gated gradient echo magnetic resonance (MR) technique. Normal patterns of pulsatile flow within the ventricles, cisterns and cervical subarachnoid space were established by this technique and these observations were compared to prior description of CSF flow. With(More)