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Journals and Conferences
The role of IL-4, a key Th2 cytokine, in promoting or inhibiting active Heymann nephritis (HN) was examined. HN is induced by immunization with Fx1A in CFA, and proteinuria in HN is associated with subepithelial IgG and C3 deposition and infiltration of CD8(+) T-cytotoxic 1 (Tc1) cells and macrophages into glomeruli, as well as induction of Abs to Crry.… (More)
Active Heymann nephritis (HN) is a rat model of human idiopathic membranous nephropathy in which injury is thought to be mediated by membrane attack complex of complement (MAC) activated by antibody (Ab) to glomerular epithelial cells. Recent work has shown that HN develops in C6-deficient rats which cannot assemble MAC, and that infiltration of activated… (More)
BACKGROUND The delayed allograft rejection in C6-deficient PVG C6- rats compared with normal PVG rats has been attributed to the lack of alloantibody activation of the membrane attack complex of complement. As T cells alone have been shown to effect graft rejection, we examined T-cell responses in PVG C6- rats. METHODS The cellular infiltrate and its mRNA… (More)
The effect of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was examined in active Heymann nephritis (HN), an animal model of human membranous nephropathy. HN was induced in Lewis rats with Fx1A/complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), and controls only received CFA. The induction of HN was prevented by MMF (30 mg/kg per d) from 0 to 4 wk after immunization. Proteinuria was not… (More)
The role of immunoglobulin (Ig) and complement as mediators of Heymann nephritis (HN) has been questioned by recent studies showing that HN can be induced in a C6-deficient rat that cannot assemble the membrane attack complex of complement. Also, the severity of HN can be reduced by therapy directed at CD8+ T cells, which has no effect on antibody (Ab)… (More)
A radical-based approach facilitates the highly stereocontrolled functionalisation of beta-amino alcohols, opening up a new, generally applicable methodology for the preparation of quaternary alpha-amino acids.
The synthesis of a range of fluorinated heterocycles is described via a Lewis acid-mediated Prins-type cyclisation.