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Rectification of the electromyographic (EMG) signal is a commonly used pre-processing procedure that allows detection of significant coherence between EMG and measured cortical signals. However, despite its accepted and wide-spread use, no detailed analysis has been presented to offer insight into the precise function of rectification. We begin this paper(More)
A method for the automatic processing of the electrocardiogram (ECG) for the detection of obstructive apnoea is presented. The method screens nighttime single-lead ECG recordings for the presence of major sleep apnoea and provides a minute-by-minute analysis of disordered breathing. A large independently validated database of 70 ECG recordings acquired from(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of joint angle on the relationship between force and electromyogram (EMG) amplitude and median frequency, in the biceps, brachioradialis and triceps muscles. Surface EMG were measured at eight elbow angles, during isometric flexion and extension at force levels from 10% to 100% of maximum voluntary(More)
Temporal-distance parameters for 88 children with the spastic diplegia form of cerebral palsy (CP) are grouped using the fuzzy clustering paradigm. The two features chosen for clustering are stride length and cadence which are normalized for age and leg length using a model based on a population of 68 neurologically intact children. Using information(More)
Changes in the median frequency of the power spectrum of the surface electromyogram (EMG) are commonly used to detect muscle fatigue. Previous research has indicated that changes in the median frequency are related to decreases in muscle fibre conduction velocity (MFCV) during sustained fatiguing contractions. However, in experimental studies the median(More)
Activation of the genioglossus (GG) muscles is necessary to maintain the patency of the upper airway. In the condition of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) this mechanism fails and the possible role of fatigue in its pathogenesis is still not fully understood. In this paper, a new electrode design for recording the genioglossus surface electromyogram (sEMG) is(More)
AIM This study examined the electromyographic (EMG) activity of knee extensor agonists and a knee extensor antagonist muscle during fatiguing isometric extensions across a range of force levels. METHODS Five female subjects performed isometric knee extensions at 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of their maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) with the knee flexed to 75(More)
Spectral compression of the electromyographic (EMG) signal, due largely to decreasing muscle fiber conduction velocity, is commonly used as an indication of muscle fatigue. Current methods of estimating conduction velocity using characteristic frequencies such as the median frequency of the power spectrum, are based on an assumption of uniform spectral(More)
Changes in surface electromyographic (EMG) amplitude during sustained, fatiguing contractions are commonly attributed to variations in muscle fiber conduction velocity (MFCV), motor unit firing rates, transmembrane action potentials and the synchronization or recruitment of motor units. However, the relative contribution of each factor remains unclear.(More)
The speed of propagation of an action potential along a muscle fiber, its conduction velocity (CV), can be used as an indication of the physiological or pathological state of the muscle fiber membrane. The motor unit action potential (MUAP), the waveform resulting from the spatial and temporal summation of the individual muscle fiber action potentials of(More)