Mark J Hayden

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BACKGROUND A study was undertaken to determine the influences of electrostatic charge, flow, delay, and multiple actuations on the in vitro delivery of salbutamol generated by a pressurised metered dose inhaler (pMDI) from small volume spacers used in infants. METHODS Ten actuations from a salbutamol pMDI were drawn at different flow rates after either(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether electrostatic charge on a plastic spacer decreases the delivery of salbutamol from a pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) and, if so, to find an optimal and practical treatment to remove the charge. Ten single actuations from a salbutamol pMDI were drawn through different Volumatic spacers at a constant flow(More)
Inhalation therapy for wheezy infants with either a nebulizer or a pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) through a spacer is common practice. The aim of our study was to compare aerosol delivery to wheezy infants from a nebulizer and from a pMDI via two small volume spacers. Twenty wheezy infants (aged 4-12 months) were recruited. They inhaled salbutamol(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to determine the in vitro delivery of salbutamol from a pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) containing hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) propellant through various delivery devices to four models of a pediatric lung. DESIGN To determine the effect of electrostatic charge, delivery of salbutamol was initially assessed(More)
Low-frequency respiratory impedance (Zrs) data permit the separate estimation of the mechanical properties of the airways and the tissues, but they are difficult to collect in humans because of the need for apneic conditions. We exploited the apneic phase produced by invoking the Hering-Breuer reflex with end-inspiratory airway occlusion in five sedated(More)
Infant lung function can be assessed with the tidal volume "squeeze" technique or, over an extended volume range, with the newer raised volume forced expiration technique (RVFET). We assessed methacholine responsiveness in 11 infants, measuring both maximal expiratory flow at functional residual capacity (V.max,FRC)with the tidal volume technique, and(More)
We hypothesized that a new test of infant lung function, less affected by shifts in lung volume, might better detect bronchodilator effects. Using the raised volume forced expiration technique (RVFET), the effect of a bronchodilator on lung function was studied in 22 infants with a history of recurrent wheeze and five healthy infants. Forced expiratory(More)
We previously studied low-frequency respiratory impedance (Zrs) data at an elevated lung volume to separate airway and tissue mechanical properties in normal infants (Am. I. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 1996; 154:161-166). The aim of the present study was to determine the volume dependence of the airway and tissue mechanics by extending Zrs measurements to lower(More)
The potential of the low-frequency forced oscillation technique (FOT) to measure the response to inhaled salbutamol was studied in 13 infants with a history of recurrent wheeze and nine healthy infants. The input impedance of the respiratory system (Zrs) between 0.5 and 20 Hz was measured at a transrespiratory pressure of 20 cm H2O during a brief(More)
The raised-volume forced-expiration technique measures infant lung function over an extended volume range. To improve comparisons between individuals and populations, we investigated the influence of jacket pressure on outcome variables in 21 infants. To quantify pressure transmitted from the jacket to the pleural space at a given lung volume, the jacket(More)