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Whether long febrile seizures (FSs) can cause epilepsy in the absence of genetic or acquired predisposing factors is unclear. Having established causality between long FSs and limbic epilepsy in an animal model, we studied here if the duration of the inciting FSs influenced the probability of developing subsequent epilepsy and the severity of the(More)
While the majority of children with febrile seizures have an excellent prognosis, a small percentage are later discovered to have cognitive impairment. Whether the febrile seizures produce the cognitive deficits or the febrile seizures are a marker or the result of underlying brain pathology is not clear from the clinical literature. We evaluated(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate possible immune mechanisms in fatal herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) encephalitis (HSE) after HSV-1 corneal inoculation. Susceptible 129S6 (129) but not resistant C57BL/6 (B6) mice developed intense focal inflammatory brain stem lesions of primarily F4/80(+) macrophages and Gr-1(+) neutrophils detectable by(More)
BACKGROUND Mouse models for treatment of late-stage prostate cancer are valuable tools, but assessing the extent of growth of the prostate and particularly its regression due to therapeutic intervention or castration is difficult due to the location, small size and interdigitated anatomy of the prostate gland in situ. Temporal monitoring of mouse prostate(More)
A significant increase in electrical conductivity of neoplasticities compared to healthy tissues and benign formations has been reported in several studies. We previously reported preliminary results with MR based Electrical Impedance Tomography (MREIT) on several phantoms and a single animal. In the presented study, we applied the technique on ten(More)
This study characterized the Infinite Horizon (IH) Impactor for use in mouse models of contusion spinal cord injury (SCI), and investigated the feasibility and reliability of using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a method to accurately measure lesion volume after mouse contusion SCI. Eight-week-old female C57Bl/6 mice received a mild (30 kilodyne),(More)
In magnetic resonance electrical impedance tomography (MREIT), currents are applied to an object, the resulting magnetic flux density measured using MRI and the conductivity distribution reconstructed using these MRI data. In this study, we assess the ability of MREIT to monitor changes in the conductivity distribution of an agarose gel phantom, using(More)
MR imaging of nuclei other than hydrogen has been used to investigate metabolism in humans and animals. However, MRI observable nuclei other than hydrogen are not as abundant and as a result the image SNR is lower. Dual-tuned radio frequency (RF) coils are developed for these studies in which high-resolution structural images are acquired using hydrogen and(More)
We investigated the role of aquaporin-4 in the development of cerebral edema following kainic acid-induced status epilepticus (SE) using specific gravimetry and T2 MRI techniques at 6 h, 1 day, 4 days and 7 days after SE. Our results indicate significantly greater tissue edema and T2 MRI changes in AQP4(-/-) compared to AQP4(+/+) mice that peaks at about 1(More)
PURPOSE There are conflicting reports regarding the function of EFEMP1 in different cancer types. In this study, we sought to evaluate the role of EFEMP1 in malignant glioma biology. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Real-time qRT-PCR was used to quantify EFEMP1 expression in 95 glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Human high-grade glioma cell lines and primary cultures were(More)