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Leptin concentrations in the circulation and milk were determined in sows that differed in body condition at farrowing, and in feed consumption during lactation. Serum concentrations of leptin at farrowing and weaning were highest in sows exhibiting the greatest amount of backfat. Leptin was detected in both skim and whole milk throughout lactation, but(More)
Semen characteristics in boars fed organic or inorganic sources of Se were assessed in 3 experiments. Crossbred boars were randomly assigned at weaning to 1 of 3 dietary treatments: I) basal diets with no supplemental Se (control), II) basal diets with 0.3 mg/kg of supplemental Se from an organic source (Sel-Plex, Alltech Inc., Nicholasville, KY), and III)(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of addition of spray-dried plasma protein (SDPP) and Cu to nonmedicated diets on growth performance and intestinal morphology in weaned pigs reared in sanitary or nonsanitary environments. Weanling pigs (n = 192, 18 +/- 2 d of age, 6.0 +/- 0.2 kg of BW) were assigned to 8 treatments arranged(More)
The main objective of this study was to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on ovulation rate and litter size at day 27 post-mating in gilts. Estrous cycles were synchronized in crossbred gilts (n=48) using a progestin (Matrix; Intervet America Inc., Millsboro, DE, USA), fed at a rate of 15 mg/day for 18(More)
The objective was to compare growth and physiological responses in boars fed diets supplemented with organic or inorganic sources of Se. At weaning, crossbred boars (n = 117; 8.3 kg of BW) were placed in nursery pens (3 boars/pen) and assigned within BW blocks to receive on an ad libitum basis 1 of 3 dietary treatments: I) basal diets with no supplemental(More)
Seven sows were placed into one of two environmental chambers at 22 C, 5 d prior to farrowing. On day 9 of lactation, one chamber was changed to 30 C (n = 4) and the other remained at 22 C (n = 3). On days 24 and 25, blood samples were collected every 15 min for 9 hr and 7 hr, respectively. On day 24, thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) and gonadotropin(More)
Three experiments assessed the onset of estrus and ovulation rate in gilts treated with gonadotropins after the withdrawal of an orally active progestin. In Exp. 1, all cycling gilts received the progestin (Regu-mate; Intervet America Inc., Millsboro, DE) at a rate of 15 mg/d for 18 d. Twenty-four hours after the last feeding of Regu-mate, 32 gilts received(More)
The effects of central nervous system administration of morphine on secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone, and prolactin were investigated in ovariectomized gilts stereotaxically implanted with lateral ventricular cannulas. In Experiment 1, mean serum LH and follicle-stimulating hormone concentrations and serum LH pulse(More)
Concentrations of leptin in serum and milk were assessed in gilts fed diets during gestation that differed in energy level. Beginning at day 45 and continuing throughout pregnancy, gilts received either a high-energy (6882 kcal metabolizable energy (ME) per day) or low-energy (5221 kcal ME per day) diet (n = 9 per group). All gilts had ad libitum access to(More)
N-methyl-d,l-aspartate (NMA), a potent agonist of the neuroexcitatory amino acids aspartate and glutamate, stimulates release of luteinizing hormone (LH) in rats and nonhuman primates. The objective of the experiments described here was to determine the effect of NMA on LH secretion in ovariectomized ewes, in both the absence and presence of estradiol. In(More)