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A number of polymers which have previously been tested for their applicability as thickening agents in saliva substitutes were studied in vitro for their caries-protective properties. These were: polyacrylic acid, carboxymethylcellulose, xanthan gum, guar gum, hydroxyethylcellulose and porcine gastric mucin. The polymers were tested for their effects on:(More)
Caries prevention might benefit from the use of toothpastes containing over 1500 ppm F. With few clinical studies available, the aim of this pH-cycling study was to investigate the dose response between 0 and 5000 ppm F of de- and remineralization of advanced (> 150 microm) enamel lesions. Treatments included sodium and amine fluoride, and a fluoride-free(More)
Currently there are no evidence-based ecological measures for prevention of overgrowth and subsequent infection by fungi in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to increase our knowledge on fungal-bacterial ecological interactions. Salivary Candida abundance of 82 Dutch adults aged 58-80 years was established relative to the bacterial load by(More)
The 'recharging' of aged glass ionomer cement restorations with fluoride by exposing them to a concentrated NaF solution has been suggested to improve their performance as devices with slow fluoride release. We have studied the interference of salivary coatings on glass ionomer cement with the uptake of fluoride in vitro. Freshly prepared glass ionomer(More)
Caries and gingivitis prevention may benefit from chemotherapeutic plaque control, therefore we compared in a cross-over study with 5 subjects the anti-acidogenic effects of a single use of AmF-SnF2 mouthrinse solutions (Meridol with and without 5% alcohol) with baseline and with the effects of a placebo and a chlorhexidine mouthrinse (CHX). Buccal plaque(More)
The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the effect of various rinsing protocols on oral acid production 6 h after tooth brushing with an amine fluoride/stannous fluoride (AmF/SnF2) toothpaste. After a 14-day period of using F-free toothpaste, 30 participants followed three experimental protocols each, followed by F-free washout periods in a(More)
In an in vitro demineralization model, the protective effect of two chlorhexidine varnishes, Cervitec (1% w/w chlorhexidine diacetate and 1% w/w thymol) and EC40 (40% w/w chlorhexidine diacetate), was compared with that of Fluor Protector, a varnish containing 0.1% w/w F. The demineralization model comprised an acidogenic Streptococcus mutans suspension in(More)
F-dentifrice usage causes slightly elevated fluoride levels in saliva. Therefore, the effects of permanent low fluoride concentrations versus daily dentifrice treatments were studied on enamel and dentin lesions in a pH-cycling model of alternating demineralization and remineralization. Groups received 1) no fluoride treatment, 2) 3 mu M (0.06 ppm) F(More)
This study addressed the dose response between fluoride toothpastes and in vitro de- and remineralization, to predict the efficacy of toothpastes and understand the mode of action in the range 0-3,000 ppm F. Enamel lesions were pH-cycled with calcium uptake and loss being assessed daily. Both 'shallow' (about 50 microm deep) and 'deep' (about 200 microm(More)
UNLABELLED Due to the spread of resistance, antibiotic exposure receives increasing attention. Ecological consequences for the different niches of individual microbiomes are, however, largely ignored. Here, we report the effects of widely used antibiotics (clindamycin, ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin, and minocycline) with different modes of action on the(More)