Mark I. Ransome

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Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) is modulated by a variety of factors through effects on the proliferation-differentiation-survival regulatory axis. We have employed growth hormone receptor knockout (GH-R-/-) and suppressor of cytokine signaling-2 transgenic (SOCS-2 Tg) mice as models of altered GH-signaling to assess their affects on basal and(More)
Erythropoietin is a primary regulator of erythropoiesis in the hematopoietic system. More recently erythropoietin has been shown to play a role in neurogenesis and provide neurotrophic support to injured CNS tissue. Here the effects of large systemic doses of erythropoietin on basal levels of adult hippocampal neurogenesis in mice were examined. A 7-day(More)
Neuronal differentiation of neural progenitor cells is regulated by a variety of growth and transcription factors, that not only regulate cell fate of the progenitor cells but that can also regulate neuronal morphology. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-2 (SOCS2) is an intracellular regulator of Growth Hormone (GH) signaling that is expressed in neural stem(More)
Recently we have shown that growth hormone (GH) inhibits neuronal differentiation and that this process is blocked by suppressor of cytokine signalling-2 (SOCS2). Here we examine several cortical and subcortical neuronal populations in GH hyper-responsive SOCS2 null (-/-) mice and GH non-responsive GH receptor null (GHR-/-) mice. While SOCS2-/- mice showed(More)
Schizophrenia is a devastating psychiatric illness with a complex pathophysiology. We have recently documented schizophrenia-like endophenotypes in phospholipase C-β1 knockout (PLC-β1(-/-)) mice, including deficits in prepulse inhibition, hyperlocomotion, and cognitive impairments. PLC-β1 signals via multiple G-protein coupled receptor pathways implicated(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a tandem repeat expansion encoding a polyglutamine tract in the huntingtin protein. HD involves progressive psychiatric, cognitive, and motor symptoms, the selective pathogenesis of which remains to be mechanistically elucidated. There are a range of different brain regions, including the(More)
Ongoing production of neurons in adult brain is restricted to specialized neurogenic niches. Deregulated expression of genes controlling homeostasis of neural progenitor cell division and/or their microenvironment underpins a spectrum of brain pathologies. Using conditional gene deletion, we show that the proto-oncogene c-myb regulates neural progenitor(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) enhances neurogenesis, neuroprotection and regeneration. Here, we examined the effects of EPO on axonal and dendritic growth in a model of neuronal polarization. EPO did not effect survival or the polarized morphology of hippocampal neurons but its effect on neurite outgrowth depended upon the stage of polarization. When added to(More)
Developing an understanding of factors that regulate development of the nervous system is important if we hope to be able to repair the nervous system after injury or disease. Suppressor of cytokine signaling-2 (SOCS2) is an intracellular regulator of cytokine signaling that blocks the inhibitory effects of growth hormone on neuronal differentiation and(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative condition characterised by progressive motor, psychological and cognitive decline. R6/1 HD transgenic mice model the clinical hippocampal-dependent cognitive deficits observed in patients. Cholinergic and GABAergic septohippocampal projections play important roles in hippocampal-dependent cognition. The(More)